Chapter 13
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Click here to purchase a printed copy of this bookChapter 13: The Remarkable Claims of Christ

by William Welty

W

ho do you say that I am?” This question which Jesus asked His disciples in Mark 8:29 still bears relevance to us today, even though nearly twenty centuries have come and gone since Peter’s ringing reply “You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God” (Matthew 16:16) became the Rock upon which the Church would be built. Let’s examine what the New Testament says about Yeshua HaMeshiach ben David, Whom we know as Jesus the Christ, the son of David.

1. Jesus Claimed Authority to Forgive Sins

2. Jesus Applied OT Citations to Himself

3. Jesus Claimed Attributes of God

4. Jesus Demanded the Same Loyalty to Himself as to God

5. Jesus Made Promises Only God Could Fulfill

6. Jesus Claimed He Would Judge the World

7. Jesus Claimed to Command the Angels

8. Jesus Claimed Authority to Cast Unbelievers Into Hell

9. Jesus Claimed He Would Give Eternal Rewards

10. Jesus Claimed Authority to Send Prophets

11. Jesus Claimed to be Lord of His Followers

12. Jesus Called Himself "Lord"

13. Jesus Claimed to be the Messiah

14. Jesus Rejected Claims of Those Who Said He Was Anything Less Than God

15. Jesus Claimed He Would Raise Himself from the Dead

16. Jesus Claimed External Existence

17. Jesus Claimed Belief in Him by His Followers Would Lead to Eternal Life

18. Jesus Claimed to be a Gift from God for Eternal Life

19. Jesus Claimed Rejection of Him Indicates Damnation of Unbelievers

20. Jesus Claimed He Would Raise Believers

21. Jesus Claimed to Be Resurrection Incarnate

22. Jesus Claimed Anyone Who Saw Him, Saw God as Well

23. Jesus Claimed the Right to Grant Eternal Life to Anyone He Wanted

24. Jesus Claimed the Right to Judge All Men

25. Jesus Claimed Honor Due to God

26. Jesus Claimed He Would Raise Everyone Who Ever Lived Back to Life

27. Jesus Claimed Self-Existent Life

28. Jesus Claimed to be Jehovah God

29. Jesus Claimed He World Return to Earth

30. Jesus Claimed to Be the Sole Means of Reconciliation to God

31. Jesus Claimed Ability to Do and Grant Things Asked of Him That Were Asked of God

32.Jesus Claimed He Would Be With His Followers Forever

33. Jesus Claimed and Accepted Worship as God

Claim #1: Jesus claimed that He possessed both the authority and the prerogative to forgive sins, rights which in the theological understanding of Israel belonged solely to God and never to men.

Matthew’s version of the incident highlights the humanity of Jesus: the crowd is said to have “praised God, who had given such authority to men” (Matthew 9:8). Mark’s version of this incident clearly indicates why the Jewish leaders thought Jesus was committing blasphemy—only God can forgive sins (Mark 2:7).

·        Matthew 9:2-8

All at once some people brought him a paralyzed man lying on a stretcher. When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralyzed man, “Be courageous, son! Your sins are forgiven.”

Then some of the scribes said to themselves, “This fellow is blaspheming!”

But Jesus knew their thoughts and said, “Why do you have such evil thoughts in your hearts? For which is easier: to say ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up and walk’? But I want you to know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins.”

Then he said to the paralyzed man, “Get up, pick up your stretcher, and go home!”

So the man got up and went home. When the crowds saw this, they became frightened and glorified God for giving such authority to humans.

·        Luke 7:48

Then Jesus said to her, “Your sins are forgiven!”

Those who were at the table with them began to say among themselves, “Who is this man who even forgives sins?”

·        Mark 2: 3-12

Jesus was speaking the word to them when some people came and brought him a paralyzed man being carried by four men. Since they couldn’t bring him to Jesus because of the crowd, they made an opening in the roof over the place where he was. They dug through it and let down the cot on which the paralyzed man was lying.

When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralyzed man, “Son, your sins are forgiven.”

Now some scribes were sitting there, arguing among themselves, “Why does this man talk this way? He is blaspheming! Who can forgive sins but God alone?”

At once, Jesus knew in his spirit what they were saying to themselves. He said to them, “Why are you arguing about such things among yourselves? Which is easier: to say to the paralyzed man, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up, pick up your cot, and walk’? But I want you to know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins.”

Then he said to the paralyzed man, “I say to you, get up, pick up your cot, and go home!” So the man got up, immediately picked up his cot, and went out before all of them.

As a result, all of the people were amazed and began to glorify God, saying, “We have never seen anything like this!”

Claim #2: Jesus interpreted and applied Old Testament quotations to Himself in which the original contexts of the quotation refer to, and can rightly be applied only to, God Himself.

·        Matthew 9:10-13

While he was having dinner at Matthew’s home, many tax collectors and sinners arrived and began eating with Jesus and his disciples. The Pharisees saw this and said to his disciples, “Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?”

When Jesus heard that, he said, “Healthy people don’t need a physician, but sick people do. Go and learn what this means: ‘I want mercy and not sacrifice.’ For I did not come to call righteous people, but sinners.”

·        Matthew 22:41-46

While the Pharisees were still gathered, Jesus asked them, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?”

They told him, “David’s.”

He asked them, “Then how can David by the Spirit call him ‘Lord’ when he says,

‘The Lord said to my Lord,

“Sit at my right hand,

until I put your enemies under your feet”‘?

If David calls him ‘Lord’, how can he be his son?”

No one could answer him at all, and from that day on no one dared to ask him another question.

·        Luke 7:26-27

“Really, what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and even more than a prophet! This is the man about whom it is written,

‘See, I am sending my messenger ahead of you,

who will prepare your way before you.’”

Claim #3: Jesus made statements concerning Himself that require Him to possess omniscience, omnipresence, and omnipotence in order for them to be true. But these are attributes that belong only to God.

·        Matthew 18:19-20

“Furthermore, truly I tell you that if two of you agree on earth about anything you request, it will be done for you by my Father in heaven. For where two or three have come together in my name, I am there among them.”

·        Matthew 28:18-20

Then Jesus came up and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore, as you go, disciple all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to obey all that I have commanded you. And remember, I am with you each and every day until the end of the age.”

·        Luke 10:22

“All things have been entrusted to me by my Father. No one knows who the Son is except the Father, and no one knows who the Father is except the Son and the person to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”

·        Luke 21:12-15

“But before all these things take place, people will arrest you and persecute you. They will hand you over to synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before kings and governors for my name’s sake. It will give you an opportunity to testify. So purpose in your hearts not to prepare your defense ahead of time, for I will give you such speech and wisdom that none of your opponents will be able to resist or refute it.”

Claim #4: Jesus demanded loyalties of love and devotion that in the Jewish theological understanding rightly may be given only to God, since to give them to created beings would violate the first and second commandments.

·        Matthew 10:32-33

“Therefore, everyone who acknowledges me before people I, too, will acknowledge before my Father in heaven. But whoever denies me before people I, too, will deny before my Father in heaven.”

·        Matthew 10:37-38

“The one who loves his father or mother more than me isn’t worthy of me, and the one who loves a son or daughter more than me isn’t worthy of me. The one who doesn’t take up his cross and follow me isn’t worthy of me.”

Claim #5: Jesus made promises to His followers concerning Himself that He could fulfill only if He were God.

·        John 14:1

“Do not let your hearts be troubled. Believe in God, believe also in me.”

·        Matthew 11:27-29

“All things have been entrusted to me by my Father. No one fully knows the Son except the Father, and no one fully knows the Father except the Son and the person to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”

Claim #6: Jesus claimed to hold authority to judge the world at the last day.

·        Matthew 19:28-29

Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne in the renewed creation, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, governing the twelve tribes of Israel. In fact, everyone who has left his homes, brothers, sisters, father, mother, children, or fields because of my name will receive a hundred times as much and will inherit eternal life.”

Claim #7: Jesus claimed to own and command the angels of Heaven.

·        Matthew 16:27

“The Son of Man is going to come with his angels in his Father’s glory, and then he will repay everyone according to what he has done.”

Claim #8: Jesus claimed to hold authority to cast unbelievers into eternal hell and that one day in the future He will do so.

·        Matthew 13:40-43

“Just as weeds are gathered and burned with fire, so it will be at end of the age. The Son of Man will send his angels, and they will gather from his kingdom everything that causes others to sin and those who practice lawlessness and they will throw them into a blazing furnace. In that place there will be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine like the sun in their Father’s kingdom. Let the person who has ears listen!”

Claim #9: Jesus claimed that one day He would reward every person who has ever lived for every deed they perform during their lifetimes.

·        Matthew 24:30-46

“Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the tribes of the earth will mourn when they see ‘the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven’ with power and great glory. He will send out his angels with a loud trumpet blast, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to another.

“Now learn a lesson from the fig tree. When its branches become tender and it produces leaves, you know that summer is near. In the same way, when you see all these things, you will know that he is near, right at the door. Truly I tell you, this generation will not disappear until these things happen. Heaven and earth will disappear, but my words will never disappear.

“No one knows when that day or hour will come—not the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. For just as it was in the days of Noah, so it will be when the Son of Man comes. In those days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage right up to the day when Noah went into the ark. They were unaware of what was happening until the flood came and swept all of them away. That’s how it will be when the Son of Man comes. At that time two people will be in the field. One will be taken, and the other will be left behind. Two women will be grinding grain at the mill. One will be taken, and the other will be left behind.

“So keep on watching, because you don’t know on what day your Lord is coming. But be sure of this: if the owner of the house had known at what watch of the night the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and not allowed his house to be broken into. So you, too, must be ready, because at an hour you are not expecting him the Son of Man will come.

“Who, then, is the faithful and wise servant whom his master has put in charge of his household to give the others their food at the right time? How blessed is that servant whom his master finds doing this when he comes!”

·        Mark 8:38

“If anyone is ashamed of me and my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son of Man will be ashamed of him when he comes with the holy angels in his Father’s glory.”

Claim #10: Jesus claimed to have authority to send prophets to speak in His name, a prerogative that in the theological understanding of Israel belonged only to God.

·        Matthew 23:34-36

“That is why I am sending you prophets, wise men, and scribes. Some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will whip in your synagogues and persecute from town to town. As a result, you will be held accountable for all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of the righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar. Truly I tell you, all these things will happen to this generation.”

Claim #11: Jesus claimed to be “Lord” of His followers, a title that in the theological understanding of Israel belonged only to God.

·        Matthew 24:42

“So keep on watching, because you don’t know on what day your Lord is coming.”

Claim #12: Jesus called Himself “Lord”, a title that in the theological understanding of Israel belonged only to God.

·        Matthew 24:42

“So keep on watching, because you don’t know on what day your Lord is coming.”

Claim #13: Jesus claimed that He was the Messiah and that He would sit at the right hand of God.

·        John 4:25

The woman said to him, “I know that the Messiah is coming” (who is called Christ). “When he comes, he will tell us everything.”

Jesus said to her, “I am he, the one who is speaking to you.”

·        Matthew 26:63-66

But Jesus was silent. Then the high priest said to him, “I command you by the living God to tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God!”

Jesus said to him, “You have said so. Nevertheless I tell you, from now on ‘you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power’ and ‘coming on the clouds of heaven.’”

Then the high priest tore his robes and said, “He has blasphemed! Why do we still need witnesses? Look, you yourselves have just heard the blasphemy! What is your verdict?”

They replied, “He deserves to die!”

·        Mark 14:61b-64

But he kept silent and didn’t answer at all. The high priest asked him again, “Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One?”

Jesus said, “I am. And ‘you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of the Power’ and ‘coming with the clouds of heaven.’”

Then the high priest tore his clothes and said, “Why do we still need witnesses? You have heard his blasphemy! What is your verdict?” All of them condemned him as deserving death.

·        Luke 22:66-71

As soon as day came, the elders of the people, the high priests, and the scribes assembled and brought him before their Council.

They said, “If you are the Christ, tell us.”

But he said to them, “If I tell you, you won’t believe me, and if I ask you a question, you won’t answer me. But from now on the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the mighty God.”

Then they all asked, “Are you, then, the Son of God?”

He answered them, “You say that I am.”

Then they said, “Why do we need any more testimony? We have heard it ourselves from his own mouth!”

·        Luke 24:25-27

Then Jesus said to them, “O how foolish you are and how slow of heart to believe everything the prophets said! The Christ had to suffer these things and then enter his glory, didn’t he?” Then, beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them all the passages of Scripture about himself.

Claim #14: Jesus firmly and instantly rejected any assessment of His character that would call Him merely a good teacher or “Lord” after the manner of merely polite address, insisting that if He is to be called “good” or “Lord”, then He should also be called God and obeyed as God.

·        Mark 10:17-18

As Jesus was setting out on a journey, a man ran up to him, knelt down in front of him, and asked him, “Good Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?”

Jesus said to him, “Why do you call me good? Nobody is good except for one—God.”

·        Luke 6:46

“Why do you keep calling me ‘Lord, Lord,’ but don’t do what I tell you?”

Claim #15: Jesus claimed that He personally would resurrect Himself from the dead.

·        John 2:18-22

Then the Jews said to him, “What sign can you show us as authority for doing these things?”

Jesus answered them, “Destroy this sanctuary, and in three days I will rebuild it.”

The Jews said, “This sanctuary has been under construction for forty-six years, and you’re going to rebuild it in three days?” But the sanctuary he was speaking about was his own body. After he had been raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this. So they believed the Scripture and the statement that Jesus had made.

·        John 10:17-18

“This is why the Father loves me, because I lay down my life in order to take it back again. No one is taking it from me; I lay it down of my own free will. I have the authority to lay it down, and I have the authority to take it back again. This is a command that I have received from my Father.”

Claim #16: Jesus claimed that He came to earth from a previous existence in Heaven and that He existed before the creation of the Universe.

·        John 6:38-40

“For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of the one who sent me. And this is the will of the one who sent me, that I should not lose anything that he has given me, but should raise it to life on the last day. For this is my Father’s will, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in him should have eternal life, and I will raise him to life on the last day.”

Then the Jews began grumbling about him because he said, “I am the bread that came down from heaven.”

They kept saying, “This is Jesus, the son of Joseph, isn’t it, whose father and mother we know? So how can he say, ‘I have come down from heaven’?”

·        John 16:28

“I left the Father and have come into the world. Now I am leaving the world and going back to the Father.”

·        John 17:24

“Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am and to see my glory, which you gave me because you loved me before the creation of the world.”

Claim #17: Jesus claimed that anyone who believed in Him would have eternal life.

·        John 3:13-18

“No one has gone up to heaven except the one who came down from heaven, the Son of Man who is in heaven. Just as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, so that everyone who believes in him may have eternal life.

“For this is how God loved the world: He gave his unique Son so that everyone who believes in him might not perish but have eternal life.”

Claim #18: Jesus claimed that He was sent by God from Heaven as a gift to all mankind in order to keep them from dying eternally.

·        John 3:17

“For God sent the Son into the world, not to condemn the world, but that the world might be saved through him.”

Claim #19: Jesus claimed that anyone who rejected Him is already in a state of having been condemned for not believing in Him.

·        John 3:18

“Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe has already been condemned, because he has not believed in the name of God’s unique Son.”

Claim #20: Jesus claimed that at the last day He would raise from the dead anyone who believed in Him.

·        John 6:39-40

“And this is the will of the one who sent me, that I should not lose anything that he has given me, but should raise it to life on the last day. For this is my Father’s will, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in him should have eternal life, and I will raise him to life on the last day.”

Claim #21: Jesus claimed to be the resurrection incarnate.

·        John 11:25-26

Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. The person who believes in me, even though he dies, will live. Indeed, everyone who lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe that?”

Claim #22: Jesus claimed that God was His Father and that anyone who looked at Him was actually looking at God, claims which in the theological understanding of Israel meant that He claimed to be not only equal to God, but actually God Himself. Nevertheless, He also maintained that God the Father was a separate Person from Himself, Who also is fully God.

·        John 5:17-18

But Jesus answered them, “My Father has been working until now, and I, too, am working.” So the Jews were trying all the harder to kill him, because he was not only breaking the Sabbath but was also calling God his own Father, thus making himself equal to God.

·        John 10:24-33

So the Jews surrounded him and said to him, “How long are you going to keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us so plainly.”

Jesus answered them, “I have told you, but you do not believe it. The works that I do in my Father’s name testify on my behalf, but you do not believe because you do not belong to my sheep. My sheep hear my voice. I know them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand. What my Father has given me is greater than all else, and no one can snatch it from the Father’s hand. I and the Father are one.”

Again the Jews picked up stones to stone him to death.

Jesus replied to them, “I have shown you many good works from my Father. For which of them are you going to stone me?”

The Jews answered him, “We are not going to stone you for a good work but for blasphemy, because you, a mere man, are making yourself God!”

·        John 14:9b

“The person who has seen me has seen the Father. So how can you say, ‘Show us the Father’?

·        John 19:7-9

The Jews answered Pilate, “We have a law, and according to that law he must die because he made himself out to be the Son of God.”

When Pilate heard this, he became even more afraid. Returning to his headquarters, he said to Jesus, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave him no reply.

·        John 20:17

Jesus told her, “Don’t hold on to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father. But go to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’”

Claim #23: Jesus claimed that He has the right and authority to grant eternal life to anyone to whom He wished to give it.

·        John 5:21-29

“Just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to those he chooses. For the Father judges no one, but has given all judgment to the Son, so that all may honor the Son as they honor the Father. The one who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him.

“Truly, truly I tell you, the one who hears my word and believes in the one who sent me has eternal life and does not come under judgment, but has passed from death to life. Truly, truly I tell you, the hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear it will live. For just as the Father has life in himself, so also he has granted the Son to have life in himself. And he has given him authority to pass judgment, because he is the Son of Man. Don’t be amazed at this, because the hour is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice and will come out—those who have done what is good to the resurrection of life, and those who have practiced what is evil to the resurrection of condemnation.”

Claim #24: Jesus claimed that the judgment of all men at the last day had been entrusted to Him.

·        John 5:24-29

“Truly, truly I tell you, the one who hears my word and believes in the one who sent me has eternal life and does not come under judgment, but has passed from death to life. Truly, truly I tell you, the hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear it will live. For just as the Father has life in himself, so also he has granted the Son to have life in himself. And he has given him authority to pass judgment, because he is the Son of Man. Don’t be amazed at this, because the hour is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice and will come out—those who have done what is good to the resurrection of life, and those who have practiced what is evil to the resurrection of condemnation.

Claim #25: Jesus claimed that anyone who failed to honor Him was failing to honor God.

·        John 5:22-23

“For the Father judges no one, but has given all judgment to the Son, so that all may honor the Son as they honor the Father. The one who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him.”

Claim #26: Jesus claimed that one day in the future He would call everyone who had ever died back to life.

·        John 5:25

“Truly, truly I tell you, the hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear it will live.”

Claim #27: Jesus claimed that He possessed self-existent life, an attribute that in the theological understanding of Israel belonged only to God.

·        John 5:26

“For just as the Father has life in himself, so also he has granted the Son to have life in himself.”

Claim #28: Jesus claimed that He is the I AM (YaHWeH Elohim) God of the Old Testament, and that those who listened to Him would know this after His crucifixion.

·        John 8:28

So Jesus told them, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he, and that I do nothing on my own authority. Instead, I speak only what the Father has taught me.”

·        John 8:57-59

Then the Jews said to him, “You are not even fifty years old, yet you have seen Abraham?”

Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly I tell you, before there was an Abraham, I am!” At this, they picked up stones to throw at him, but Jesus hid himself and went out of the temple.

·        John 13:19

I’m telling you this now, before it happens, so that when it does happen you may believe that I am he.

Claim #29: Jesus claimed that He would return again to the earth after going to heaven in order to prepare a residence for His followers.

·        John 14:2-3

“There are many rooms in my Father’s house. If there were not, would I have told you that I am going away to prepare a place for you? And if I am going away to prepare a place for you, I will come again and will welcome you into my presence, so that you may be where I am.”

Claim #30: Jesus claimed that belief in Him is the exclusive and sole means to become reconciled to God, and that as a result of that belief in Him, anyone who trusted Him would share His uncreated life.

·        John 14:6

Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.”

·        John 14:19b

“Because I live, you will live also.”

Claim #31: Jesus claimed that He has the ability and willingness to do anything anyone who asked Him would request, provided that the request is consistent with His character and that it would honor God the Father.

·        John 14:13-14

“I will do whatever you ask in my name, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If you ask me for anything in my name, I will do it.”

·        John 16:15

“All that the Father has is mine.”

·        John 16:23b

“Truly, truly I tell you, whatever you ask the Father for in my name, he will give it to you.”

Claim #32: Jesus claimed that He would be present continually with His followers forever and that He would live within His followers, promises that are impossible to fulfill unless He possesses omnipresence and omniscience, which are attributes of deity.

·        John 14:16-18

I will ask the Father to give you another Helper, to be with you always. He is the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, for it neither sees him nor recognizes him. But you recognize him, for he abides with you and will be in you. I am not going to forsake you like orphans. I will come back to you.

Claim #33: When He was worshipped as God by various individuals, Jesus never refused such worship nor corrected the worshipper by stating that worship of Him would violate the First or Second Commandment.

·        Matthew 14:33

Then the men in the boat began to worship Jesus, saying, “You certainly are the Son of God!”

·         Matthew 28:8-9

So they quickly left the tomb with fear and great joy and ran to tell his disciples. Suddenly Jesus met them and said, “Greetings!” They went up to him, took hold of his feet, and worshiped him.

·        John 20:28

Thomas answered him, saying “My Lord and My God!”


Introduction Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Appendix

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