The Rock (Al-Hijr)
In the name of
Allah, Gracious, Merciful.
1A. L. R. These are the verses of revelation of a Qur’an that makes things clear.1
2Again and again will those who disbelieve wish that they had bowed in
3Leave them alone to enjoy, and to please themselves, let hope amuse them,
soon will they have knowledge.
4And never did We destroy a population that had not a term decreed and
5Neither can a people anticipate its term nor delay it.
6And they say, “O you to whom the message is being revealed. Truly you are mad.”2
7“Why do you not angels to us if it be that you have the truth?”
1Alif Lam Ra tilka ayatul kitabi wa qurani mubinin.
2Rubama yawadu lazina kafaru lau kanu musulimina.
3Zaruhum yakulu wa yatamatau wa yuluhihimu lamalu fa saufa yalamuna.
4Wa ma ahulakunamin qaruyatin illa wa laha kitabun malumun.
5Ma tasubiqu min ummatin ajalaha wa ma yasutakhiruna.
6Wa qalu ya ayyuha lazi nuzzila alaihi zikuru innaka lamajununun.
7Lau ma tatina bilu malaikati inkunta mina suadiqina.
1. This assertion
borders on criminal because in comparison with the revelations of the Bible,
the Qur’an has muddied up the stories of the Bible. Mary, the Mother of
Jesus is said to be the sister of Aaron
Qur’an 19:28, that one of Noah’s
children perished in the flood
Qur’an 11:42-49, that Jesus was not crucified
nor did he die Qur’an 4:157-158, that Abraham was a Muslim who built the Kaabah with Ishmael Qur’an 3:67, 2:125-129, 14:35. How can all these be
making clear God’s revelation when the earlier revelations taken from the
“Mother of Books” differ from what Muhammad is professing?
2. The accusation
that he was mad followed a series of events, though Yusuf Ali is quick to
say that it was because of his higher calling and moral character which
caused the unbelievers to think that he was mad.
My opinion from the hadith
is different from his. In the hadith we read of how inspiration came upon
him, ibn Hisham’s revelation that Kadijah tried the spirit in the most
unorthodox way gives a clue.
Also, the revelation in Sahih Al-Bukhari’s
Hadith 9.111 narrated by Aisha that under inspiration:
“... his neck muscles
twitching with terror till he entered upon Khadija and said, “Cover me!
Cover me!” They covered him till his fear was over and then he said, “O
Khadija, what is wrong with me?”
Another of Bukhari’s hadith 12 narrated by
Aisha has the following incredible revelation as to why he would be
considered a madman:
Al-Harith bin Hisham
asked Allah’s Apostle “O Allah’s Apostle! How is the Divine Inspiration
revealed to you?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “Sometimes it is (revealed) like
the ringing of a bell, this form of Inspiration is the hardest of all and
then this state passes off after I have grasped what is inspired. Sometimes
the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he
says.” Aisha added: Verily I saw the Prophet being inspired Divinely on a
very cold day and noticed the sweat dropping from his forehead (as the
Inspiration was over).
This will undoubtedly raise some eye brows since it is not how divine
revelation came to people of old.
8We send not the angels down except for just cause, if they came, behold!
no respite would they have.
9We have without doubt sent down the message, and We will assuredly guard
10And We sent apostles before you among the religious sects of old.
11And never came an apostle to them but they mocked him.
12Even so do We let it creep into the hearts of the sinners.
13That they should not believe in it, but the ways of the ancients have
14And even if We opened out to them a gate from heaven and they were to
continue ascending therein.
15They would only say, “Our eyes have been intoxicated: no, we have been
bewitched by sorcery.”
8Ma nunazzilu l malaikata illa bil haqqi wa ma kanu izan muntuarina.
9Inna nahnu nazzaluna zikura wa inna lahu lahafizuna.
10Wa laqadu arusaluna min qabulika fi shiyail awwalina.
11Wa ma yatihim mi rasulin illa kanu bihi yasutahuziuna.
12Kazalika nasulukuhu fi qulubil mujurimina.
13La yuminuna bihi wa qadu khalatu sunnatul awwalina.
14Wa lau fatahuna alaihim baban mina samai fazallu fihi yarujuna.
15Laqalu innama sukkiratu abusaruna bal nahnu qaumun masuhuruna.
[Commentary continues below.]
16And it is We who have set out the zodiacal signs in the heavens and made
them fair seeming to beholders.
17And we have guarded them from every evil spirit accursed.
18But any that gains a hearing by stealth is pursued by a bright flaming
19And the earth We have spread out, set thereon mountains firm and
immovable, and produced therein all kinds of things in due balance.
20And We have provided therein means of subsistence for you and for those
for whose sustenance you are not responsible.
21And there is not a thing but its treasures are with Us, but We only send
down thereof in due and ascertainable measures.
16Wa laqad jaaluna fi samai buruja wa zayyannaha li nattirina.
17Wa hafittunaha min kulli shaitnani rajimin.
18Illa man isutaraqa samaa fa atubaahu shihabun mubinun.
19Walardua madadunaha wa aluqaina fiha rawasiya wa amubatuna fiha min
kulli shaiin mauzunin.
20Wa jaaluna lakum fiha maayisha wa ma lasutum lahu bi raziqina.
21Wa immin shaiin illa indana khazainuhu wa ma nunazziluhu illa bi qadarin
[Commentary continues below.]
22And We send the fecundating winds, then cause the rain to descend from
the sky, therewith providing you with water though you are not the guardians
of its stores.
23And verily, it is We who give life and who give death, it is We who
remain inheritors after all else passes away.3
24And to Us are known those of you who hasten forward and those who lag
25And assuredly it is your Lord who will gather them together, for He is
perfect in wisdom and knowledge.
26And We created man from sounding clay, from mud molded into shape.4
27And the jinn race We had created before from the fire of a scorching
22Wa arusaluna riyaha lawaqiha fa anuzaluna mina samai maan fa
asuqainakumahu wa ma anutum lahu bi khazinina.
23Wa inna lanahnu nuhuyi wa numitu wa nahnul warisina.
24Wa laqadu alimunal musutaqudimina minkum wa laqadu alimunal
25Wa inna rabbaka huwa yahushuruhum innahu hakimun alimun.
26Wa laqadu khalaqunal insana min sualusualin min hamain masununin.
27Wal janna khalaqunahu min qabulu minari samumi.
3. If this “We”
refers to God, who is He inheriting from? God owns all things and does not
need to inherit anything from anyone. Besides, if even that were possible,
what will God, the Almighty, be inheriting from us feebled, weak-kneed,
4. From what was
man made? From sounding clay or from mud? In
Qur’an 96:1-2 the Qur’an says
that man was created from a blood clot,
25:54 says water,
3:59 also says
from dust. Others include the claim that we were created from sperm drops,
and nothing. The Bible gives one story about the source of our being in
Genesis 2:7: And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and
breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
This makes things much clearer than the Qur’anic revelation.
5. The Jinn,
according to Marmaduke Pickthall are elemental spirits. From a Christian
point of reference, they are the fallen angels whose doom are sealed until
the Day of Judgment. Hollywood which has painted the devil with a tail and
two horns has also been successful in presenting to us the Jinn
(Ginnie) as an all American fairy tale character with movies and sitcom as “Aladdin” and
“I Dream of Jeannie”. The harmful nature of connecting with the Jinn has been
minimized, however do not fall prey to this great deception.
28And behold, your Lord said to the angels, “I am about to create man from
sounding clay, from mud molded into shape.”
29“When I have fashioned him and breathed into him of My spirit, fall down
in obeisance unto him.”6
30So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together.
31Except Iblis, he refused to be among those who prostrated themselves.
32He said, “O Iblis, what is your reason for not being among those who
33He said, “I am not one to prostrate myself to man whom You did create
from sounding clay, from mud molded into shape.”
34He said, “Then get out from here; for you are rejected, accursed.”
35“And the curse shall be on you till the day of judgment.”
28Wa izu qala rabbuka lil malaikati inni khaliqum basharan min sualusualin
min hamain masununin.
29Fa iza sutawaituhu wa nafakhutu fihi mi ruhi fa qau lahu sajidina.
30Fasajadal malaikatu kulluhum ajumauna.
31Illa ibulisa aba ayakuna maa sajidina.
32Qala ya ibulisu ma laka alla takuna maa sajidina.
33Qala lam akul liasujuda li basharin khalaqutahu min sualusualin min
34Qala fa khuruju minuha fa innaka rajimun.
35Wa inna alaika lanata illa yaumi dini.
6. According to the
Qur’an, before God created man He told Satan what He was going to do and
told him to bow before man which Satan refused and thus rebelled against
God. The Biblical story of the same account is different, infact very
different in detail. In the Bible, the cause of Satan’s rejection by God is
Satan’s ambition to be above God. Isaiah 14:12-15 How art thou fallen from
heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground,
which didst weaken the nations! For thou hast said in thine heart, I will
ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will
sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I
will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.
Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit. According
to this Satan did not fall on account of man, rather man fell on account of
Satan who tempted Eve and then Adam into doubting God (Genesis 3:1-13).
[Commentary continues below.]
36He said, “O my Lord, give me then respite till the day the dead are
37He said, “Respite is granted you.”
38“Till the day of the appointed time.”
39He said, “O my Lord! because You have put me in the wrong, I will make
fair seeming to them on the earth and I will put them all in the wrong.”7
40“Except Your servants among them, sincere and purified.”
41He said, “This is indeed a way that leads straight to Me.”
42“For over My servants no authority shall you have, except such as put
themselves in the wrong and follow you.”8
43And verily, hell is the promised abode for them all.
44To it are seven gates, for each of those gates is a class of sinners
36Qala rabbi fa anuttiruni illa yaumi yubasuna.
37Qala fa innaka minal munutuarina.
38Illa yaumil waqutilu malumi.
39Qala rabbi bima aguwaitani la uzayyinanna lahum filarddi wa
40Illa ibadaka minuhumul mukhulasina.
41Qala haza ssiratun alayya musutaqimun.
42Inna ibadi laisa laka alaihim sulutanun illa man itabaaka minal gawina.
43Wa inna jahannama lamauiduhum ajumaina.
44Laha sabatu abuwabin likulli babin minhum juzuun maqusumun.
7. Satan was not given any respite according to
Bible and neither did he request for it. God pronounced judgment on them
(Adam, Eve and Satan) for their disobedience and deception respectively. Gen
The LORD God said to the serpent, "Because you have
done this, cursed are you above all livestock and above all beasts of the
field; on your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of
your life. I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your
offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise
his heel." To the woman he said, "I will surely multiply your pain in
childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children. Your desire shall be
for your husband, and he shall rule over you." And to Adam he said, "Because
you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree of
which I commanded you, 'You shall not eat of it,' cursed is the ground
because of you; in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life;
thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the
plants of the field. By the
sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for
out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return."
8. Satan told God that he was going to get mankind because he is
doomed, he, however injected the preposition except to show his own
limitation. He excepted the servants of God who purify themselves and are
sincere. The Qur’an seems to indicate that no harm can come to the righteous
except those who do wrong. Islam teaches that Prophets are sinless, although
the Qur’an records in more than one place that prophets were to confess
their sins. The Bible makes it clear that, bad things do happen to good
people and not because of their wrongdoing but by the machinations of the
devil such as in the case of Job and Jesus. Muslims do not accept this
because of the record in the Qur’an that bad things does not happen to good
people. When it does, it creates the impression that God was not able to say
His servants. To this end therefore they reject the substitutional death of
Christ. Satan has no authority over any servant of God except that given by
45The righteous amid gardens and fountains.
46“Enter here in peace and security.”
47And We shall remove from their hearts any lurking sense of injury,
brothers facing each other on thrones.
48There no sense of fatigue shall touch them, nor shall they be asked to
49Tell My servants that I am indeed the always forgiving, most merciful.
50And that My penalty will be indeed the most grievous penalty.
51And tell them about the guests of Abraham.
52When they entered his presence and said, “Peace” He said, “We feel
afraid of you.”
53They said, “Fear not, we give you glad tidings of a son endowed with
45Innal mutaqina fi jannati wa uyunin.
46Udukhuluha bi salamin aminina.
47Wa nazana ma fi sudurihim min gillin ikhuwanan alla sururin mutaqabilina.
48La yamasuhum fiha nasuabu wa ma hum minha bi mujizina.
49Nabbi ibadi anni anal gafuru rahimu.
50Wa anna azabi huwal azabul alimu.
51Wa nabbihum an duaifi Ibrahima.
52Izu dakhalu alaihi faqala salaman qala inna minukum wajiluna.
53Qalu la taujal inna nubashiruka bi gulamin alimin.
9. Verse 51 says that Muhammad should tell his
audience about the guests of Abraham, with this in mind one is looking
forward to a full story of the guests who appeared unto Abraham, but we
don’t, rather, we read about Abraham’s fear of the guests who then gave him
glad tidings of a son. In Genesis 18, all 33 verses are about the visit of
the guests, so after one reads the Biblical account, one knows all there is
to know about the guests, their identity, their mission, and their number.
Not so in the Qur’an. Nothing but conjecture.
[Commentary continues below.]
54He said, “Do you give me glad tidings that old age has seized me? Of
what then is your good news?”
55They said, “We give you glad tidings in truth: be not then in despair.”
56He said, “And who despairs of the mercy of his Lord but such as go
57Abraham said, “What then is the business on which you have come, O
58They said, “We have been sent to a people in sin.”
59“Excepting the adherents of Lot, them we are certainly to save from
60“Except his wife whom we have ascertained will be among those who will
61At length when the messengers arrived among the adherents of Lot.11
62He said, “You appear to be uncommon folk.”
63They said, “Yes, we have come to you to accomplish that of which they
54Qala abasharutumuni alla am masaniyal kibaru fa bima tubashiruna.
55Qalu basharunaka bil haqqi fala takunu minal
56Qala wa ma yaqunatu mi rahumati rabbihi illa dualuna.
57Qala fama khatubukum ayyuhal murusaluna.
58Qalu inna urusiluna illa qaaumin mujurimina.
59Illa alla Luttin inna lamunajjuhum ajumaina.
60Illa muraatahu qadaruna innaha laminal gabirina.
61Falamma jaa alla Luttinil murusalina.
62Qala innakum qaumun munukaruna.
63Qala bal jinaka bima kanu fihi yamutaruna.
10. Please refer to
verse 60. Who was Lut (Lot) and who were his adherents? Did Lot’s wife lag
behind or did she turn back contrary to the admonition of the angels
(Genesis 19:26: But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a
pillar of salt). How did Muhammad learn about this, if it is through
revelation, it must be false revelation.
11. For the story
of Lut (Lot), please turn to the end of this chapter.
[Commentary continues below.]
64“And We have brought to you that which is inevitably due and assuredly
we tell the truth.”
65“Then travel by night with your household when a portion of the night
still remains, and bring up the rear, let no one among you look back but
pass on whither you are ordered.”
66And We made known this decree to him that the last remnants of those
should be cut off by the morning.
67And the inhabitants of the city came in joy.
68He said, “These are my guests, disgrace me not.
69“And fear Allah and shame me not.”
70They said, “Did we not forbid you to speak for all and sundry?”
71He said, “There are my daughters. If you must act.”
64Wa atainaka bil haqqi wa inna lasadiquna.
65Fa asuri bi ahulika bi qittiin mina laili wa tabi adubarahum wa la
yalutafitu minkum ahadu wa mudu haisu tumaruna.
66Wa qaduaina ilaihi zalikal amura anna dabira haulai maqutuun musubihina.
67Wa jaa ahulul madinati yasutabushiruna.
68Qala inna haulai duaifi fala tafuduahuni.
69Wa taqullaha wa la tukhuzuni.
70Qalu awalam nanuhaka anil alamina.
71Qala haulai banati in kuntum failina.
[Commentary continues below.]
72Verily, by your life in their wild intoxication they wander in
distraction to and fro.
73But the blast overtook them before morning.
74But We turned the cities upside down, and rained down on them brimstones, hard as baked clay.
75Behold, in this are signs for those who by tokens do understand.
76And the cities were right on the highroad.
77Behold, in this is a sign for those who believe.
78And the companions of the wood were also wrongdoers.
79So We exacted retribution from them. They were both on an open highway
plain to see.
80And the companions of the rocky tract also rejected the apostles.12
81And We sent them Our signs but they persisted in turning away from them.
72Laamuruka innahum lafi sakuratihim yamahuna.
73Fa akhazatuhumu suaihatu mushriqina.
74Fa jaaluna aliyaha safilaha wa amutaruna alaihim hijaratan min sijjilin.
75Inna fi zalika la ayatil lil mutawasimina.
76Wa innaha labisabilin muqimin.
77Inna fi zalika la ayatal lil muminina.
78Wa in kana asuhabul aikati lazalimina.
79Fa nutaqamuna minhum wa innahuma labi imamin mubinin.
80Wa laqadu kazaba assuhabul hijuril murusalina.
81Wa atainahum ayatina fakanu anuha muridina.
12. According to Yusuf Ali, “The Rocky Tract” is undoubtedly a geographical name. On the maps
of Arabia will be found a tract called the Hijr, north of Medinah, Jabal
Hijr is about 150 miles north of Madinah. The tract would fall on the
highway to Syria. This was the country of the Thamud...
[Commentary continues below.]
82And out of the mountains did they hew edifices secure.
83But the blast seized them of a morning.
84And of no avail to them was all that they did.
85And We created not the heavens, the earth, and all between them, but for
just ends. And the hour is surely coming when this will be manifest. So
overlook with gracious forgiveness.
86For verily, it is your Lord who is the master creator, knowing all
87And We have bestowed upon you the seven most repeated and the grand
88Strain not your eyes at what We have bestowed on certain classes of
them, nor grieve over them, but lower your wing to the believers.
82Wa kanu yanuhituna minal jibali buyutan aminina.
83Fa akhazatuhumu suaihatu musubihina.
84Fama aguna anuhum ma kanu yakusibuna.
85Wa ma khalaquna samawati walardua wa ma bainahuma illa bil haqqi wa inna
saata la atiyatun fa ssufahi suafuhal jamila.
86Inna rabbaka huwal khallaqul alimu.
87Wa laqadu atainaka saban minal masani wal quranal
88La tamudanna ainaika illa ma matana bihi azuwajan minhum wa la tahuzan
alaihim wa khufiddu janahaka lil muminina.
13. Surat-ul-Fatihah is seven verses, it is the most recited surah of all the
chapters in the Qur’an. It is used when the Muslim stands to pray five time
a day, it is recited when the Muslims sits on his prayer mat several times a
day, and pious Muslims recite it as much as possible each day in addition to
the five prescribed times in prayer.
89And say, “I am indeed he that warns openly and without ambiguity.”
90As We sent down on those who divided.
91As have made the Qur’an into shreds.
92Therefore by your Lord We will of a surety call them to account.
93For all their deeds.
94Therefore expound openly what you are commanded and turn away from those
who join false gods with Allah.
95For sufficient are We unto you against those who scoff.
96Those who adopt with Allah another god, but soon will they come to know.
97And We do indeed know how your heart is distressed at what they say.
98But celebrate the praises of your Lord and be of those who prostrate
themselves in adoration.
89Wa qulu inni anan nazirul mubinu.
90Kama anuzaluna allal muqutasimina.
91Allazina jaalul qurana idina.
92Fa warabbika lanasualannahum ajumaina.
93Amma kanu yamaluna.
94Fassuda bima tumaru wa aridu nanil mushrikina.
95Inna kafainakal musutahuziina.
96Allazina yajaluna maallahi illahan akhara fa saufa yalamuna.
97Wa laqadu nalamu annaka yadiqu saduruka bima yaquluna.
98Fa sabbihu bihamudi rabbika wa kum mina sajidina.
99And serve your Lord until there come unto you the hour that is certain.
99Wa budu rabbaka hatta yatiyakal yaqinu.