Sura 17
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The Children of Israel (Al-Isrâ)

In the name of Allah, Gracious, Merciful.

1Glory to Allah who took His servant for journey by night from the sacred mosque to the farthest mosque, whose precincts We did bless in order that We might show him some of Our signs: for He is the one who hears and sees all things.1

2We gave Moses the Book and made it a Guide to the Children of Israel saying: “Take none other than Me as Disposer of your affairs.

3O you that are sprung from those whom We carried in the Ark with Noah! Verily he was a devotee most grateful.

Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim

1Subuhana lazi asura bi abudihi lailan minal masujidil harami illa masujidil aqusa lazi barakuna haulahu linuriyahu min ayatina innahu huwa samiul bassiru

2Wa ataina Musal kitaba wa jaalnahu hudal libani Israila alla tattakhiztu min duni wakilan.

3Zurriyyata man hamalna maa Nuhin innahu kana abdan syakuran.

1. There are various views to the night journey, some believe that it was a physical experience, others believe that it was a spiritual experience. There are those who are of the opinion that he traveled to heaven from Mecca, yet others say he went to Jerusalem (the farthest Mosque) and from there to heaven. In any case, Sahih Al-Bukhari’s Hadith 5.227 narrated by Abbas bin Malik reveals in part what happened prior to and during the night journey.

Malik bin Sasaa said that Allah’s Apostle described to them his Night Journey saying, “While I was lying in Al-Hatim or Al-Hijr, suddenly someone came to me and cut my body open from here to here.” I asked Al-Jarud who was by my side, “What does he mean?” He said, “It means from his throat to his pubic area,” or said, “From the top of the chest.”

The Prophet further said, “He then took out my heart. Then a gold tray of Belief was brought to me and my heart was washed and was filled (with Belief) and then returned

to its original place. Then a white animal which was smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me.” (On this Al-Jarud asked, “Was it the Buraq, O Abu Hamza?” I (i.e. Anas) replied in the affirmative. The Prophet said, “The animal’s step (was so wide that it) reached the farthest point within the reach of the animal’s sight. I was carried on it, and Gabriel set out with me till we reached the nearest heaven.

Abbas continues with the narration that Muhammad was conducted from the first to the seventh heaven where he met with Adam, John, Jesus, Joseph, Aaron, Moses and Abraham.

Then I was made to ascend to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e. the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary) Behold! Its fruits were like the jars of Hajr (i.e. a place near Medina) and its leaves were as big as the ears of elephants. Gabriel said, ‘This is the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary.’ Behold! There ran four rivers; two were hidden and two were visible. I asked, ‘What are these two kinds of rivers, O Gabriel?’ He replied, ‘As for the hidden rivers, they are two rivers in Paradise and the visible rivers are the Nile and the Euphrates.’ Then Al-Bait-ul-Ma’mur (i.e. the Sacred House) was shown to me and a container full of wine and another full of milk and a third full of honey were brought to me. I took the milk. Gabriel remarked, ‘This is the Islamic religion which you and your followers are following.’ Then the prayers were enjoined on me: They were fifty prayers a day. When I returned, I passed by Moses who asked (me), ‘What have you been ordered to do?’ I replied, ‘I have been ordered to offer fifty prayers a day.’ Moses said, ‘Your followers cannot bear fifty prayers a day, and by Allah, I have tested people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel (in vain). Go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your followers’ burden.’

So I went back, and Allah reduced ten prayers for me. Then again I came to Moses, but he repeated the same as he had said before. Then again I went back to Allah and He reduced ten more prayers. When I came back to Moses he said the same, I went back to Allah and He ordered me to observe ten prayers a day. When I came back to Moses, he repeated the same advice, so I went back to Allah and was ordered to observe five prayers a day. When I came back to Moses, he said, ‘What have you been ordered?’ I replied, ‘I have been ordered to observe five prayers a day.’ He said, ‘Your followers cannot bear five prayers a day, and no doubt, I have got an experience of the people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel, so go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your follower’s burden.’ I said, ‘I have requested so much of my Lord that I feel ashamed, but I am satisfied now and surrender to Allah’s Order.’ When I left, I heard a voice saying, ‘I have passed My Order and have lessened the burden of My Worshipers.”

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 9.608 narrated by Anas bin Malik:

The night Allah’s Apostle was taken for a journey from the sacred mosque (of Mecca) Al-Ka’ba: Three persons came to him (in a dream) while he was sleeping in the Sacred Mosque before the Divine Inspiration was revealed to Him. One of them said, “Which of them is he?” The middle (second) angel said, “He is the best of them.” The last (third) angel said, “Take the best of them.” Only that much happened on that night and he did not see them till they came on another night, i.e. after the Divine.

Inspiration was revealed to him (Fateh-Al-Bari Page 258, Vol. 17), and he saw them, his eyes were asleep but his heart was not--and so is the case with the prophets: their eyes sleep while their hearts do not sleep. So those angels did not talk to him till they carried him and placed him beside the well of Zam-Zam. From among them Gabriel took charge of him. Gabriel cut open (the part of his body) between his throat and the middle of his chest (heart) and took all the material out of his chest and abdomen and then washed it with Zam-Zam water with his own hands till he cleansed the inside of his body, and then a gold tray containing a gold bowl full of belief and wisdom was brought and then Gabriel stuffed his chest and throat blood vessels with it and then closed it (the chest). He then ascended with him to the heaven of the world and knocked on one of its doors.

It is interesting to note that the rivers mentioned to be in heaven are relative to the four rivers mentioned in the book of Genesis in the Bible (2:10-14) with the exception of the Nile river.

A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers. The name of the first is the Pishon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. And the gold of that land is good; bdellium and onyx stone are there. The name of the second river is the Gihon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Cush. And the name of the third river is the Tigris, which flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

In regards to the number of times of prayer, as enjoined on him by Allah, one needs only read Genesis 18:24-33, and one will be convinced that, that is the story which has been misrepresented.

Suppose there are fifty righteous within the city. Will you then sweep away the place and not spare it for the fifty righteous who are in it? Far be it from you to do such a thing, to put the righteous to death with the wicked, so that the righteous fare as the wicked! Far be that from you! Shall not the Judge of all the earth do what is just?" And the LORD said, "If I find at Sodom fifty righteous in the city, I will spare the whole place for their sake." Abraham answered and said, "Behold, I have undertaken to speak to the Lord, I who am but dust and ashes. Suppose five of the fifty righteous are lacking. Will you destroy the whole city for lack of five?" And he said, "I will not destroy it if I find forty-five there." Again he spoke to him and said, "Suppose forty are found there." He answered, "For the sake of forty I will not do it." Then he said, "Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak. Suppose thirty are found there." He answered, "I will not do it, if I find thirty there." He said, "Behold, I have undertaken to speak to the Lord. Suppose twenty are found there." He answered, "For the sake of twenty I will not destroy it." Then he said, "Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak again but this once. Suppose ten are found there." He answered, "For the sake of ten I will not destroy it." And the LORD went his way, when he had finished speaking to Abraham, and Abraham returned to his place.

The question is, Did Muhammad go to heaven? The experience of the angelic surgery is what rendered him holy enough to receive the things of Allah. Or such is the implication.

From the Bible it is evident that when God calls someone, he is usually anointed by a priest or prophet as in the case of Moses and Aaron, Samuel and David. In the absence of a priest or a prophet, God speaks to the person directly as in the case of Moses, Jeremiah and others (Exodus 3:1-22, Jeremiah 1:1-19). In cases of other pious people, God would send a prophet (Isaiah 38:1-8), or an angel as in the case of Samson’s parents (Judges 13:1-25), Zachariah and Mary and the angel (Luke 1:1-80). That is not how it happened with Muhammad. We see a confusion with the Spirit and the Angel and we are not sure which one appeared to him. In Numbers 12:6 we read:

And he said, "Hear my words: If there is a prophet among you, I the LORD make myself known to him in a vision; I speak with him in a dream.

This alone therefore would disqualify Muhammad as a prophet.

4And We gave warning to the Children of Israel in the book, that twice would they do mischief on the earth and be elated with mighty arrogance.2

5When the first of the warnings came to pass We sent against you Our servants given to terrible warfare: They entered the very inmost parts of your homes; and it was a warning fulfilled.

6Then We granted you the return as against them: We gave you increase in resources and sons, and made you the more numerous in manpower.

4Wa qaduaina illa bani Israila fil kitabi latufsidunna filardi marrataini wa lataluna uluwan kabiran.

5Fa iza jaa wadu ulahuma baasuna alaikum ibadan lana uli basin shadidin fa jasu khilaladiyari wa kana wadan mafulan.

6Summa radaduna lakumu lukarrata alaihim wa amudadunakum bi amuwalin wa banina wa jaalunakum akusara nafiran.

2. It is a fact beyond every reasonable doubt, that the Israelites provoked God more than twice and they were equally punished more than twice by God. Egypt, Assyria, Babylonia, Greece and the Roman empire are among the Nations God used to punish the Jews. The Medo-Persians were nice to them as a people. Besides them, they were plundered by most of the other Kingdoms.

[Commentary continues below.]

7If you did well, you did well for yourselves; if you did evil, you did it against yourselves; so when the second of the warnings came to pass, to disfigure your faces and to enter your temple, as they had entered it before, and to visit with destruction all that fell into their power.

8It may be that your Lord may show mercy unto you; but if you revert, We shall revert, and We have made hell a prison for those who reject all faith.

 9Verily, this Qur’an does guide to that which is most right and gives the glad tidings to the believers who work deeds of righteousness, that they shall have a magnificent reward.

10And to those who believe not in the hereafter, that We have prepared for them a penalty grievous.

7Innahusanutum ahusanutum li anufusikum wa innasatum falaha fa iza jaa wadu lakhirati liyasuu wujuhakum wa liyadukhulul masujida kama dakhaluhu awala marratin wa liyutabiru ma alau tatubiran.

8Asa rabbukum anuyaruhamakum wa in udutum uduna wa jaaluna jahannama lil kafirina hassiran.

9Inna hazal qurana yahudi lilati hiya aquwamu wa yubashirul muminina lazina yamaluna sualihati anna lahum ajuran kabiran.

10Wa anna lazina la yuminuna bilakhirati ataduna lahum azaban aliman.

[Commentary continues below.]

11And the prayer that man should make for good, he makes for evil: for man is given to hasty deeds.

12And We have made the night and the day as two signs: the sign of the night have We obscured, while the sign of the day We have made to enlighten you; that you may seek bounty from your Lord and that you may know the number and count of the years: all things have We explained in detail.

13And every man’s fate We have fastened on his own neck: on the day of judgment We shall bring out for him a scroll which he will see spread open.3

14“Read your record: sufficient is your soul this day to make out an account against you.”

11Wa yaduu linsanu bisharri duaahu bilakhairi wa kana linsanu ajulan.

12Wa jaaluna laila wa nahara ayataini fa mahauna ayatan laili wa jaalunaa ayata nahari mubussiratan li tabutagu faddulan mi rabbikum wa litalamu adada sinina wal hisaba wa kulla shaiin fasualunahu tafussilan.

13Wa kulla insanin aluzamunahu tuairahu fi unuqihi wa nukhuriju lahu yaumal qiyamati kitaban yaluqahu manushuran.

14Iqura kitabaka kafa bi nafusika yauma alaika hasiban.

3. The Bible mentions that God records the deeds of men in a Book and that on the day of Judgment, those whose names are not in that Book will be thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone. Revelation 20:11-15:

Then I saw a large, white throne and the one who was sitting on it. The earth and the heavens fled from his presence, and no place was found for them. I saw the dead, both unimportant and important, standing in front of the throne, and books were open. Another book was opened-the Book of Life. The dead were judged according to their works, as recorded in the books. The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and Death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and all were judged according to their works. Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. (This is the second death-the lake of fire.) Anyone whose name was not found written in the Book of Life was thrown into the lake of fire.

15Who receives guidance receives it for his own benefit: who goes astray does so to his own loss: no bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our wrath until We had sent an apostle.4

16And when We decide to destroy a population, We send a definite order to those among them who are given the good things of this life and yet transgress; so that the word is proved true against them: then, We destroy them utterly.5

17And how many generations have We destroyed after Noah? And enough is your Lord to note and see the sins of His servants.

18If any do wish for the transitory things, We readily grant them, such things as We will to such persons as We will: in the end have We provided hell for them: they will burn therein disgraced and rejected.

14Iqura kitabaka kafa bi nafusika yauma alaika hasiban.

15Man ihutada fa innama yahutadi li nafusihi wa man duala fa innama yadillu alaiha wa la taziru waziratun wizura ukhura wa ma kunna muazibina hata nabasa rasulan.

16Wa iza araduna annu nuhulika qaruyatan amaruna muturafiha fa fasaqu fiha fa haqqa alaihal qaulu fa dammarunaha tadumiran.

17Wa kamu ahulakuna mina quruni min baadi Nuhin wa kafa bi rabbika bi zunubi ibadihi khabiran bassiran.

18Man kana yuridul ajilataajjaluna lahu fiha ma nashau liman nuridu summa jaaluna lahu jahannama yassulaha mazumuuman maduhuran.

4. The statement is that no sinner can plead or intercede for another sinner. The Qur’an says that Muhammad is a sinner who should ask forgiveness for his sins:

Qur’an 40:55: Patiently then persevere: for the Promise of Allah is true: and ask forgiveness for thy fault and celebrate the Praises of thy Lord in the evening and in the morning.

Qur’an 47:19: Know there-fore that there is no god but Allah and ask forgiveness for the fault and for the men and women who believe: for Allah knows how ye move about and how ye dwell in your homes.

Qur’an 48:1-2; Verily We have granted thee a manifest Victory: That Allah may forgive thee thy faults of the past and those to follow; fulfill His favor to thee; and guide thee on the Straight Way.

Because of these verses Muhammad is disqualified as an intercessor, on the other hand, Jesus is sinless and can intercede for us before God and lead us to God as well. The Qur’an calls Him a Righteous (Faultless, Holy) son of God (Qur’an 19:19).

The Bible says that though He was tempted, yet He sinned not.

For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as

we are, yet without sin. (Hebrews 4:15)

For this reason He has been qualified as Our Mediator before God.

There is one God. There is also one mediator between God and human beingsa human, Christ Jesus. (1Timothy 2:5)

However, Jesus has now obtained a ministry that is as superior to theirs as the covenant he mediates is founded on better promises. (Hebrews 8:6)

And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. (Hebrews 9:15)

There is no doubt that Jesus can actually lead us to God.

5. This was his militaristic strategy, the nobles of the land, the well placed financially and otherwise were his prime targets because of the influence they may exert over their people. When, however, they do not accept the word of Islam, then the wrath of the Muslims in unleashed against them. This strategy is still being used by the Muslims who toady uses aid to the poor in other lands as a way to woo the people for Islam.

19And those who do wish for the hereafter and strive therefor with all due striving, and have faith, they are the ones whose striving is acceptable.

20Of the bounties of your Lord We bestow freely on all these as well as those: the bounties of your Lord are not closed.

21See how We have bestowed more on some than on others; but verily, the hereafter is more in rank and gradation and more in excellence.

22Take not with Allah another object of worship; or you will sit in disgrace and destitution.

19Wa man arada lakhirata wa saa laha sayaha wa huwa muminun fa ulaika kana sayuhum masukuran.

20Kullan numidu haulai wa haulai min atuai rabbika wa ma kana atuau rabbika mahuttuuran.

21Unutturu kaifa fadualuna adahum alla badin wa la lakhiratu akubaru darajatin wa akubaru tafuddilan.

22La tajalu maallahi ilahan akhara fa taquda mazumuman makhuzulan.

[Commentary continues below.]

23And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him and that you be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of contempt nor repel them but address them in terms of honor.6

24And out of kindness lower to them the wing of humility and say: “My Lord! bestow on them your mercy even as they cherished me in childhood.”

25Your Lord knows best what is in your hearts: if you do deeds of righteousness, verily, He is most forgiving to those who turn to Him again and again.

26And render to the kindred their due rights as to those in want and to the wayfarer: but squander not your wealth in the manner of a spendthrift.

27Verily, spendthrifts are brothers of the evil ones; and the evil one is to his Lord ungrateful.

23Wa qadua rabbuka alla tabudu illa iyyahu wa bil walidaini ihusanan imma yabuluganna indakal kibara ahaduhuma au kilahuma fala taqulu lahuma uffin wa la tanuharuhuma wa qulu lahuma qaulan kariman

24Wa khufidu lahuma janaha zulli mina rahumati wa qulu rabbi ruhamuhuma kama rabbayani suagiran.

25Rabbukum alamu bima fi nufusikum inutakunu sualihina fa innahu kana lil awwabina gafuran.

26Wa ati zal quruba haqqahu wal misukina wa buna sabili wa la tubaziru tabuziran.

27Innal mubazirina kanu ikhuwana shayattini wa kana shaituanu li rabbihi kafuran.

6. Honoring Father and Mother is the first commandment with a promise according to Ephesians 6:2. One who even as they cherished me in childhood.” does not honor his parents is worse than an infidel.

[Commentary continues below.]

28And even if you have to turn away from them in pursuit of the mercy from your Lord which you do expect, yet speak to them a word of easy kindness.

29And make not your hand tied to your neck, nor stretch it forth to its utmost reach so that you become blameworthy and destitute.

30Verily, your Lord provides sustenance in abundance for whom He pleases and He provides in a just measure: for He does know and regard all His servants.

31And kill not your children for fear of want: We shall provide sustenance for them as well as for you: verily, the killing of them is a great sin.7

32And come not nigh to adultery: for it is shameful and an evil opening to the road to other evils.8

28Wa imma turiduanna anuhumu butigaa rahumatin mi rabbika tarujuha fa qul lahum qaulan maisuran.

29Wa la tajalu yadaka magululatan illa unuqika wa la tabusutuha kulla basutti fa taquda maluman mahusuran.

30Inna rabbaka yabusuttu rizuqa liman yashau wa yaqudiru innahu kana bi ibadihi khabiran bassiran.

31Wa la taqutulu auladakum khashuyata imulaqin nahunu naruzuquhum wa iyyakum inna qatulahum kana khitan kabiran.

32Wa la taqurabu zina innahu kana fahishatan wa saa sabilan

33Wa la taqutulu nafusa lati harramallahu illa bil haqqi wa man qutila mattuluman faqadu jaaluna li waliyihi sulutanan fala yusurifu fil qatuli innahu kana manusuran.

7. This is an admonition not to kill the girl child as was the manner of some in those days.

8. What is adultery? In Christianity and Judaism, adultery is having sex with another woman or man besides your one legitimate wife or husband, while you are still married to the first wife or husband or that he or she is still alive. In Islam however, adultery is having sex with one that you have no marriage contract with.

There is decreed for the Muslim Temporary Marriages, which were permissible for the Muslim man in the army who is away from his wife to any woman who so agrees to the proposition. In today's terms however, the provision applies to the businessman or one who travels away from his wife for a period of time and not wishing to frequent the ‘Red Light district” or abstain from sex altogether. Although, later scholars want to say that it is now canceled, abrogated, some still practice it because it used to be part of Islamic doctrine.

According to Al Bukhari’s Hadith 8.609 narrated by Ibn Abbas, as told by Abu Hurraira:

“Allah has written for the son of Adam his inevitable share of adultery whether he is aware of it or not: The adultery of the eye is the looking (at something which is sinful to look at), and the adultery of the tongue is to utter (what it

is unlawful to utter), and the inner self wishes and longs for (adultery) and the private parts turn that into reality or refrain from submitting to the temptation.”

Now if Allah has prescribed an inevitable number adultery to be committed by man, how can it be sinful? Another of Bukhari’s (2.329) transmission narrated by Abu Dhar makes the matter even more acceptable in that persons who commit adultery and die without repentance but still believing in Allah will enter paradise:

“...if any of my followers dies worshipping none (in any way) along with Allah, he will enter Paradise.” I asked, “Even if he committed illegal sexual intercourse (adultery) and theft?” He replied, “Even if he committed illegal sexual intercourse (adultery) and theft.”

33And not take life which Allah has made sacred except for just cause. And if anyone is slain wrongfully, We have given his heir authority, but let him not exceed bounds in the matter of taking life, for he is helped.

34And come not nigh to the orphan’s property except to improve it until he attains the age of full strength; and fulfil every engagement, for every engagement will be enquired into on the day of reckoning).

35And give full measure when you measure and weigh with a balance that is straight: that is the most fitting and the most advantageous in the final determination.

36And pursue not that of which you have no knowledge; for every act of hearing or of seeing or of feeling in the heart will be enquired into.

33Wa la taqutulu nafusa lati harramallahu illa bil haqqi wa man qutila mattuluman faqadu jaaluna li waliyihi sulutanan fala yusurifu fil qatuli innahu kana manusuran.

34Wa la ataqurabu malal yatimi illa billati hiya ahasanu hata yabuluga ashudahu wa aufu bil ahudi innal ahuda kana masulun.

35Wa auful kaila iza kilutum wa zinu bil qisutuasil musutaqimi zalika khairun wa ahusanu tawilan.

36Wa la taqufu ma laisa laka bihi ilumun inna sama wal bassara wal fuada kullu ulaika kana anuhu masulan.

[Commentary continues below.]

37And walk not the earth with insolence: for you cannot rend the earth asunder nor reach the mountains in height.

38Of all such things the evil is hateful in the sight of your Lord.

39These are among the wisdom which your Lord has revealed to you. Take not with Allah another object of worship lest you should be thrown into hell, blameworthy and rejected.

40Has your Lord preferred for you sons and taken for Himself daughters among the angels? Truly you utter a most dreadful saying.

41And We have explained in various ways in this Qur’an in order that they may receive admonition, but it only increases their flight.

37Wa la tamushi filarddi marahan innaka lan takhuriqal ardda wa lan tabulugal jibala ttulan.

38Kullu zalika kana sayyiuhu inda rabbika makuruhan.

39Zalika mimma auha ilaika rabbuka minal hikumati wa la tajalu maallahi ilahan akhara fa tuluqa fi jahannama maluman maduhuran.

40Afa asufakum rabbukum bil banina wa takhaza minal malaikati inasan innakum lataquluna qaulan attiman

41Wa laqadu suarrafuna fi hazal quraani liyazakaru wa ma yaziduhum illa nafuuran.

[Commentary continues below.]

42Say: if there had been gods with Him as they say, behold they would certainly have sought out a way to the Lord of the throne.

43Glory to him! He is high above all that they say! Exalted and great.

44The seven heavens and the earth and all beings therein declare His glory: there is not a thing but celebrates His praise; and yet you understand not how they declare His glory! Verily, He is always forbearing, most forgiving.

45And when you recite the Qur’an, We put between you and those who believe not in the hereafter a veil invisible.

42Qulu lau kana maahu alihatun kama yaquluna iza la butagau illa zil arushi sabilan.

43Subuhanahu wa taala amma yaquluna uluwan kabiran.

44Tusabihu lahu samawatu sabu walarddu wa man fihinna wa inmin shaiin illa yusabihu bi hamudihi wa laki la tafuqahuna tasubihahum innahu kana haliman gafuran.

45Wa iza qaratal qurana jaaluna bainaka wa baina lazina la yuminuna bilakhirati hijaban masuturan.

[Commentary continues below.]

46And We put coverings over their hearts lest they should understand the Qur’an and deafness into their ears: when you commemorate your Lord and Him alone in the Qur’an, they turn on their backs fleeing from the truth.9

47We know best why it is they listen when they listen to you; and when they meet in private conference Behold the wicked say “You follow none other than a man bewitched.”

48See what similes they strike for you; but they have gone astray and never can they find a way.

49And they say: “What! when we are reduced to bones and dust should we really be raised up a new creation?”10

50Say: “ Are you stones or iron.”

46Wa jaaluna alla qulubihim akinnatan anyafuqahuhu wa fi azanihim waquran wa iza zakaruta rabbaka fil qurani wahudahu wallau alla adubarihim nufuran.

47Nahunu alamu bima yasutamiuna bihi izu yasutamiuna ilaika wa izu hum najuwa izu yaqulu tualimuna in tatabiuna illa rajulan masuhuran.

48Unutturu kaifa duaraba lakal amusala fa duallu fala yasutatiuna sabilan.

49Wa qalu aiza kunna ituaman wa rufatan ainna lamabusuna khaluqan jadidan.

50Qulu kunu hijaratan au hadidan.

9. The Bible says that God wants all mankind to come to the saving knowledge of Christ. It is a fact that there is one who fights against God’s will so vehemently, and that one is the devil, to say that Allah has put a covering over their hearts and deafness in their ears is to say that Allah does not want them to be saved which is contrary to the will of God concerning man. 2 Peter 3:9 records that “The Lord is not slow about his promise, as some people understand slowness, but is being patient with you. He does not want anyone to perish, but wants everyone to come to repentance.” This is the God of the Bible who so loved the world of sinners that He gave His only Son to be the propitiation for our sin (John 3:16).

10. The question of the resurrection has been adequately addressed by the Apostle Paul in l Corinthians 15:35-38;

But someone will ask, "How are the dead raised? What kind of body will they have when they come back?" You fool! The seed you plant does not come to life unless it dies, and what you plant is not the form that it will be, but a bare kernel, whether it is wheat or something else. But God gives the plant the form he wants it to have, and to each kind of seed its own form.

In answering the question Paul applies his knowledge gardening to the fore, when a seed is planted, it must first die and then sprout, he argued. In a similar vain in the resurrection, the decayed and corrupted bodies will assume new bodies for the occasion. Nothing is too hard for God, He created this entire world by His word, called things that were not into being, created man from the dust of the earth, certainly He can raise the dead back to live again.

51“Or created matter which in your minds is hardest.” Then will they say: “Who will cause us to return?” Say: “He who created you first!” Then will they wag their heads towards you and say “When will that be?” Say “Maybe it will be quite soon!

52“It will be on a day when He will call you and you will answer with His praise and you will think that you tarried but a little while.”

53Say to My servants that they should say those things that are best: for Satan sows dissensions among them: for Satan is to man an avowed enemy.11

54It is your Lord that knows you best: if He please He grants you mercy, or if He pleases punishment: We have not sent you to be a disposer of their affairs for them.

51Au khaluqan mimma yakuburu fi sudurikum fa sayaquluna man yuiduna qulillazi fatarakum awwala marratin fa sayunugiduna ilaika ruusahum wa yaquluna mata huwa qulu asaa anyakuna qariban.

52Yauma yadukum fa tasutajibuna bi hamudihi wa tattunnuna illabisutum illa qalilan.

53Wa qulu liibadi yaqulu lati hiya ahusanu inna shaituana yanuzagu bainahum inna shaituana kana lilinsani aduwwan mubinan.

54Rabbukum alamu bikum inyasha yaruhamukum au inyasha yuazibukum wa ma arusalunaka alaihim wakilan.

11. The Bible says Satan is like a roaring lion seeking whom he may devour. l Peter 5:8:

Be clear-minded and alert. Your opponent the devil is prowling around like a roaring lion, looking for someone to devour.

[Commentary continues below.]

55And it is your Lord that knows best all beings that are in the heavens and on earth: We did bestow on some prophets more gifts than on others: and We gave to David the Psalms.

56Say: “Call on those besides Him whom you fancy: they have neither the power to remove your troubles from you nor to change them.”

57Those whom they call upon do desire means of access to their Lord, even those who are nearest: they hope for His mercy and fear His wrath: for the wrath of your Lord is something to take heed of.

55Wa rabbuka alamu biman fi samawati walarddi wa ladaqu fadualuna baduan nabiyyina alla baadi wa ataina Dawuda zaburan.

56Qulidu lazina zaamtum min dunihi fala yamulikuna kashufaddurri anukum wa la tahuwilan.

57Ulaikal lazina yaduna yabutaguna illa rabbihimu luwasilata ayuhum aqurabu wa yarujuna rahumatahu wa yakhafuna azabahu inna azaba rabbika kana mahutturan.

[Commentary continues below.]

58And there is not a population but We shall destroy it before the day of judgment or punish it with a dreadful penalty: that is written in the record.12

59And We refrain from sending the signs only because the men of former generations treated them as false: We sent the she camel to the Thamud to open their eyes, but they treated her wrongfully: We only send the signs by way of terror.

60And behold! We told you that your Lord encompass mankind round about: We granted the vision which We showed you but as a trial for men as also the cursed tree in the Qur’an: We put terror into them but it only increases their inordinate transgression!13

61And behold! We said to the angels: “Bow down unto Adam”: they bowed down except Iblis: he said “Shall I bow down to one whom You created from clay?”

58Wa in min qaruyatin illa nahunu muhulikuha qabula yaumil qiyamati au muazibuha azaban shadidan kana zalika fil kitabi masuturan.

59Wa ma manaana an nurusila bil ayati illa an kazaba bihal awaluna wa ataina samuda naqata mubussiratan fatualamu biha wa ma nurusilu bil ayati illa takhuwifan.

60Wa izu quluna laka inna rabbaka ahata binasi wa ma jaaluna ruya lati arainaka illa fitunatan linasi wa shajaratal malunata fil qurani wa nukhawifuhum fama yaziduhum illa tuguyanan kabiran.

61Wa izu quluna lil malaikati sujudu li Adama fasajadu illa ibulisa qala aasujudu liman khalaquta ttinan.

12. The Day of Judgment will be the Day of Punishment. It was the same way with the people of Noah and the people of Lot as the following Scripture reveals from Luke :17:26-29:

Just as it was in the days of Noah, so it will be in the days of the Son of Man. People were eating, drinking, marrying, and being given in marriage right up to the day when Noah went into the ark. Then the flood came and destroyed all of them. So it was in the days of Lot. People were eating and drinking, buying and selling, planting and building. But on the day when Lot left Sodom, fire and sulfur rained from heaven and destroyed all of them.

This stands in contradiction to what the Qur’an has claimed to be in the eternal record.

13. According George Sale, it is called Al Zakkum, and it springs from the bottom of hell.

62He said “Do you see? This is the one whom you have honored above me! If You will but respite me to the day of judgment I will surely bring his descendants under my sway all but a few!”

63Allah said: “Go your way; if any of them follow you, verily, hell will be your recompense, an ample recompense.

64“And lead to destruction those whom you can among them with your voice; make assaults on them with your cavalry and your infantry; mutually share with them wealth and children; and make promises to them. But Satan promises them nothing but deceit.

65“As for My servants no authority shall you have over them.” Enough is your Lord for a disposer of affairs.

62Qala araaitaka haza lazi karramuta alaya lain akharutani ila yaumil qiyamati laahutanikanna zuriyatahu illa qalilan.

63Qala zuhabu faman tabiaka minhum fa inna jahannama jazaukum jazaan maufuran.

64Wa sutafuzizu man isutatuata minuhum bi sautika wa ajulibu alaihim bi khailika wa rajilika wa shariku hum fil amuwali wal auladi wa iduhum wa ma yaiduhumu shaituanu illa gururan.

65Inna ibadi laisa laka alaihim sulutuanun wa kafa bi rabbika wakilan.

[Commentary continues below.]

66Your Lord is He that makes the ship go smoothly for you through the sea in order that you may seek of His bounty: for He is unto you most merciful.

67And when distress seizes you at sea those that you call upon besides Himself leave you in the lurch! But when He brings you back safe to land you turn away. Most ungrateful is man!,

68Do you feel secure that He will not cause you to be swallowed up beneath the earth when you are on land, or that He will not send against you a violent tornado so that you shall find no one to carry out your affairs for you?

66Rabbukumu lazi yuzuji lakumul fuluka fil bahuri litabutagu min faddlihi innahu kana bikum rahimun.

67Wa iza masakumu ddurru fil bahuri dualla man taduna illa iyahu falamma najakum illal barri aradutum wa kanal inusanu kafuran.

68Afa aminutum anyakhusifa bikum janibal barri au yurusila alaikum hassiban summa la tajidu lakum wakilan.

[Commentary continues below.]

69Or do you feel secure that He will not send you back a second time to sea, and send against you a heavy gale to drown you because of your ingratitude, so that you find no helper therein against Us?

70And We have honored the sons of Adam; provided them with transport on land and sea; given them for sustenance things good and pure; and conferred on them special favors above a great part of Our creation.14

71One day We shall call together all human beings with their Imams: those who are given their record in their right hand will read it and they will not be dealt with unjustly in the least.

72And those who were blind in this world will be blind in the hereafter and most astray from the path.

69Am amintum anyuidakum fihi taratan ukhura fayurusila alaikum qassifan mina rihi fayuguriqakum bima kafarutum summa la tajidu lakum alaina bihi tabian.

70Wa laqad karamuna bani Adama wa hamaluhum fil barri wal bahuri wa razaqunahum mina tuayibati wa faddalunahum alla kasirin mimman khalaquna tafudilan.

71Yauma nadu kulla unasin bi imamihim faman utiya kitabahu bi yaminihi fa ulaika yaqurauna kitabahum wa la yuttulamuna fatilan.

72Wa man kana fi hazihi ama fa huwa fil akhirati ama wa aduallu sabilan.

14. The Bible in Genesis 1:26 reads:

Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth."

God’s favor on mankind is not above a great part of His Creation, but all His Creation.

Commentary continues below.]

73And their purpose was to tempt you away from that which We had revealed unto you, to substitute in Our name something quite different, behold! they would certainly have made you their friend!

74And had We not given you strength you would nearly have inclined to them a little.

75In that case We should have made you taste an equal portion in this life and an equal portion in death: and moreover you would have found none to help you against Us!.

76And their purpose was to scare you off the land in order to expel you; but in that case they would not have stayed after you except for a little while.15

77This was Our way with the apostles We sent before you: you will find no change in Our ways.

73Wa inukadu layafutinunaka anni lazi auhaina ilaika litafutariya alaina gairahu wa iza latakhazuka khalilan.

74Wa lau la an sabatunaka laqadu kita tarukanu ilaihim shaian qalilan.

75Iza laazaqunaka difal hayati wa difal mamati summa la tajidu laka alaina nasiran.

76Wa in kadu layasutafizunaka minalarddi liyukhurijuka minuha wa iza la yalubasuna khilafaka illa qalilan.

77Sunnata man qadu arusalna qabulaka mi rusulina wa la tajidu lisunnatina tahuwilan.

15. The enemies in this case were successful in chasing Muhammad out of Mecca in what we have come to know as the Hejira, when the Muslims migrated to Medina in 622 which marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar after two migrations to Abyssinia, the latest one in 616.

[Commentary continues below.]

78Establish regular prayers at the sun’s decline till the darkness of the night and the morning prayer and reading: for the prayer and reading in the morning carry their testimony.

79And pray in the small watches of the morning: an additional prayer for you, soon will your Lord raise you to a station of praise and glory!.

80And say: “O my Lord! let my entry be by the gate of truth and honor, and likewise my exit by the gate of truth and honor; and grant me from Your presence an authority to aid me.”

81And say: “Truth has arrived and falsehood perished: for falsehood is bound to perish.”16

78Aqimi sualata liduluki shamusi illa gasaqi laili wa quranal fajuri inna quranal fajuri kana mashuhudan.

79Wa mina laili fa tahajadu bihi nafilata laka asa anyabasaka rabbuka maqaman mahumuda

80Wa qulu rabbi adukhiluni mudukhala ssiduqin wa akhurijuni mukhuraja ssidqin waja limi ladunuka sulutuanan nassiran.

81Wa qulu jaal haqqu wa zahaqal batilu innal batila kana zahuqan.

16. What Truth? Is it the fact about creation which the Qur’an is not so certain (was it 6 or 8 days?) Or the Mother of Jesus whom the Qur’an is not so sure either? Or maybe it is the identity of Allah who the Qur’an in chapter 1:6-7 portrays as one lost and asking for direction and mercy from another God? It is important that we know what the truth is. Yusuf Ali says “From its nature falsehood must perish, for it is the opposite of Truth, and Truth must ever prevail” How true, because the real truth in the presence of any other “truth” must prevail.

[Commentary continues below.]

82And We send down in the Qur’an that which is a healing and a mercy to those who believe: to the unjust it causes nothing but loss after loss.

83And yet when We bestow Our favors on man he turns away and becomes remote on his side, and when evil seizes him, he gives himself up to despair!

84Say: “Everyone acts according to his own disposition: but your Lord knows best who it is that is best guided on the way.”

85They ask you concerning the Spirit. Say: “The Spirit comes by command of my Lord: of knowledge it is only a little that is communicated to you.17

86And if it were Our will We could take away that which We have sent you by inspiration: then would you find none to plead your affair in that matter as against Us.

82Wa nunazilu minal qurani ma huwa shifaun wa rahumatul lil muminina wa la yaziyudu tualimina illa khasaran.

83Wa iza anamuna alla linsani aradua wa naa bi janibihi wa iza masahu sharru kana yausaa.

84Qulu kullun yamalu alla shakilatihi fa rabbukum alamu biman huwa ahuda sabilan.

85Wa yasu alunaka anni ruhi quli ruhu min amuri rabbi wa ma utitum minal ilumi illa qalilan.

86Wa lain shiuna lanazuhabanna billazi auhaina ilaika summa la tajidu laka bihi alaina wakilan.

17. If only a little of the inspiration is communicated to man, could it be the reason why the angel Gabriel is said to be The Spirit when in actual fact the two can never be one and the self same being because the spirit is the Creator and the angel was created.

[Commentary continues below.]

87Except for mercy from your Lord: for His bounty is great towards you.

88Say: “If the whole of mankind and jinns were to gather together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like thereof even if they backed up each other with help and support.18

89And We have explained to man in this Qur’an every kind of similitude: yet the greater part of men refuse except with ingratitude!.

90And they say: “We shall not believe in you until you cause spring to gush forth for us from the earth.

91”Or until you have a garden of date trees and vines and cause rivers to gush forth in their midst carrying abundant water;

87Illa rahumatan mi rabbika inna faddulahu kana alaika kabiran.

88Qulu laini jutamaati linusu wal jinnu alla ayyatu bi misuli hazal qurani la yatuna bi misulihi wa laukana badahum libadin zahiran.

89Wa laqadu sarrafuna li nasi fi hazal qurani min kulli masalin fa aba akusarun nasi illa kufuran.

90Wa qalu lanu numina laka hata tafujura lana mina larddi yamubuan.

91Au takuna laka jannatun min nakhili wa innabin fa tufajiral anuhara khilalaha tafujiran.

18. Shakespear and Cicero would have been successful if they had tried. Today there is a Book titled “The True Furqan” which is full of many interesting surahs and ayahs.

[Commentary continues below.]

92“Or you cause the sky to fall in pieces as you said against us; or you bring Allah and the angels before us face to face;   

93“Or you have a house adorned with gold or you mount a ladder right into the skies. No we shall not even believe in your mounting until you send down to us a book that we could read.” Say: “Glory to my Lord! am I aught but a man an apostle?”.

94And what kept men back from belief when guidance came to them was nothing but this: they said “Has Allah sent a man like us to be apostle?”.

95Say “If there were settled on earth angels walking about in peace and quiet We should certainly have sent them down from the heavens an angel for an apostle.”

92Au tusuqitua samaa kama zaamuta alaina kisafan au tatiya billahi wal malaikati qabilan.

93Au yakuna laka baitun min zukhurufin au taruqa fi samai wa lanu numina liruqiyyika hata tunazila alaina kitaban naqurauhu qulu subuhana rabbi halu kuntu illa basharan rasulan.

94Wa ma manaan nasa anyuminu izu jaahumul huda illa an qalu abaasallahu basharar rasulan.

95Qulu lau kana filarddi malaikatu yamushuna mutumainnina lanazzaluna alaihim mina samai malakan rasulan.

[Commentary continues below.]

96Say: “Enough is Allah for a witness between me and you: for He is well acquainted with His servants and He sees all things.”19

97. It is he whom Allah guides that is on true guidance; but he whom He leaves astray for such you will find no protector besides Him. On the day of judgment We shall gather them together prone on their faces blind, dumb, and deaf: their abode will be hell: every time it shows abatement We shall increase for them the fierceness of the fire.

98That is their recompense because they rejected Our signs and said “When we are reduced to bones and broken dust should we really be raised up a new creation?”

96Qulu kafa billahi shahidan baini wa bainakum innahu kana biibadihi khabiran basiran.

97Wa ma yahudillahu fahuwal muhutadi wa man yudulil falan tajida lahum auliyaa min dunihi wa nahushuruhum yaumal qiyamati alla wujuhihim umuyan wa bukuman wa summan mawahum jahannamu kullama khabatu zidunahum sairan.

98Zalika jazauhum bi annahum kafaru bi ayatina wa qalu aiza kunna ituaman wa rufatan ainna lamabusuna khaluqan jadidan.

19. In other words, Muhammad did not perform any miracles, although Muslims claim a whole lot of miracles purported to have been performed by him. His statement as always was, he is not a miracle worker. The Qur’an has not a single reference to his performing a miracle. Unlike Jesus Christ whom both the Qur’an and the Bible claimed performed numerous miracles, from miraculous feeding to raising the dead, restoring blind eyes and cleansing the lepers (Qur’an 3:49).

[Commentary continues below.]

99Do they not see that Allah who created the heavens and the earth has power to create the like of them? Only He has decreed a term appointed of which there is no doubt. But the unjust refuse, except with ingratitude. Do they not see that Allah who created the heavens and the earth has power to create the like of them? Only He has decreed a term appointed of which there is no doubt. But the unjust refuse, except with ingratitude.

100Say: “If you had control of the treasures of the mercy of my Lord, behold, you would keep them back for fear of spending them: for man is niggardly!”

101And to Moses We did give nine clear signs: ask the Children of Israel: when he came to them Pharaoh said to him: “O Moses! I consider you indeed to have been worked upon by sorcery!”

99Awalam yarau anallaha lazi khalaqa samawati walardda qadirun alla anyakhuluqa misulahum wa jaala lahum ajalal la raiba fihi fa aba tualimuna illa kufurun.

100Qulu lau anutum tamulikuna khazaina rahumati rabbi iza laamusakutum khash yatal inufaqi wa kanal inusanu qaturan.

101Wa laqadu ataina Musa tisa ayatin bayinatin fasal bani Israila izu jaahum faqala lahu Firaunu inni laattunnuka ya Musa masuhuran.

[Commentary continues below.]

102Moses said “You know well that these things have been sent down by none but the Lord of the heavens and the earth as eye opening evidence: and I consider you indeed, O Pharaoh, to be one doomed to destruction!”

103So he resolved to remove them from the face of the earth: but We did drown him and all who were with him.

104And We said thereafter to the Children of Israel “Dwell securely in the land of promise”: but when the second of the warnings came to pass We gathered you together in a mingled crowd.20

105And We sent down the Qur’an in truth and in truth has it descended: and We sent you to give glad tidings and to warn sinners.

106And a Qur’an which We have divided into parts from time to time, in order that you might recite it to men at intervals: We have revealed it by stages.

102Qala laqadu alimuta ma anuzala haulai illa rabbu samawati walarddi basaira wa inni laazunnuka ya Firaunu masuburan.

103Fa arada anyasutafizahum minalarddi fa aguraqunahu wa man maahu jamian.

104Wa quluna min baudihi li bani Israila sukunu lardda fa iza jaa wadul akhirati jina bikum lafifan.

105Wa bil haqqi anuzalunahu wa bil haqqi nazala wa ma arusalunaka illa mubashiran wa naziran.

106Wa quranan faraqunahu litaquraahu alla nasi alla mukusin wa nazalunahu tanuzilan.

20. In all there were 13 miracles; 3 for Moses and ten for the Pharaoh, the King of Egypt did not give in until after the 10th miracle according to Exodus and not after the second as claimed by the Qur’an.

[Commentary continues below.]

107Say: “Whether you believe in it or not it is true that those who were given knowledge beforehand when it is recited to them fall down on their faces in humble prostration”21

108And say: “Glory to our Lord! truly has the promise of our Lord been fulfilled!”

109And they fall down on their faces in tears and it increases their humility.

110Say: “Call upon Allah or call upon Rahman: by whatever name you call upon Him: for to Him belong the most beautiful names. Neither speak your prayer aloud nor speak it in a low tone but seek a middle course between.”

111And say: “Praise be to Allah who begets no son and has no partner in His dominion: nor needs He any to protect Him from humiliation: Yes magnify Him for His greatness and glory!”22

107Qulu aminu bihi au la tuminu inna lazina utuu liluma min qabulihi iza yutula alaihim yakhirruna lil azuqani sujadan.

108Wa yaquluna subuhana rabbina in kana wadu rabbina lamafulan.

109Wa yakhirruna lil azuqani yabukuna wa yaziduhum khushuan.

110Qulidullaha awidur rahumana ayan ma tadu falahul asumaul husuna wa la tajuhar bi sualatika wa la tukhafitu biha wa butagi baina zalika sabilan.

111Wa qulil hamdu lillahil lazi lam yatakhizu waladan wa lam yakullahu sharikun fil muluki wa lam yakullahu walian mina zulli wa kabbiruhu takubiran.

21. This claim is as ridiculous as they come. The Jews did not embrace the Qur’an, hence they were branded as the enemies of Allah and massacred in large numbers by Muhammad and his men.

According to Maududi’s Sura Introductions, on Surah 33, (Al-Ahzab) the Battle of the Trench was against the Jewish Clans and in particular the Bani Quraizah, who were raided in A.H. 5. Once again, Sahih Al-Bukhari’s Hadith 5.448 narrated by Aisha sheds light on the subject:

“So Allah’s Apostle went to them (i.e. Banu Quraiza) (i.e. besieged them). They then surrendered to the Prophet’s judgment but he directed them to Sad to give his verdict concerning them. Sad said, “I give my judgment that their warriors should be killed, their women and children should be taken as captives, and their properties distributed.”

One has to understand that the Jews did not have much of a choice in the matter seeing they had been raided by the Muslims. Another of Bukhari’s Hadith 4.208 narrated by Anas also reveals that the Ansar tribe were among Muhammad’s chief executioners because they made a pledge to Muhammad, Islam and Jihad:

“We are those who have sworn allegiance to Muhammad for Jihad (forever) as long as we

live.” The Prophet replied to them, “O Allah! There is no life except the life of the Hereafter. So honor the Ansar and emigrants with Your generosity.”

A further indication that the Jewish clans did not embrace Islam is Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 5.362 narrated by Ibn Umar that:

Bani An-Nadir and Bani Quraiza fought (against the Prophet violating their peace treaty), so the Prophet exiled Bani An-Nadir and allowed Bani Quraiza to remain at their places (in Medina) taking nothing from them till they fought against the Prophet again. He then killed their men and distributed their women, children and property among the Muslims, but some of them came to the Prophet and he granted them safety, and they embraced Islam. He exiled all the Jews from Medina. They were the Jews of Bani Qainuqa’, the tribe of ‘Abdullah bin Salam and the Jews of Bani Haritha and all the other Jews of Medina.

The reason for the raid/invasion was because the Jews were an economic giant among the Arabs, owing lots of properties. Arab historians claim that they acquired their riches by both fair and foul means, the history of their emigration was even doubted as being in the area before the Arabs joined them.

All these were ploys to get the Jews, just as Hitler did to them in Germany. Muhammad was at a disadvantage economically, he was dependent on others for his sustenance according to Bukhari’s Hadith 4.357 which was narrated by Anas bin Malik:

“People used to give some of their date palms to the Prophet (as a gift), till he conquered Bani Quraiza and Bani An-Nadir, whereupon he started returning their favors.”

This change of affairs encouraged him to continue raiding non-Muslim clans in the area.

111And say: “Praise be to Allah who begets no son and has no partner in His dominion: nor needs He any to protect Him from humiliation: Yes magnify Him for His greatness and glory!”22

111Wa qulil hamdu lillahil lazi lam yatakhizu waladan wa lam yakullahu sharikun fil muluki wa lam yakullahu walian mina zulli wa kabbiruhu takubiran.

22. The subject of the Deity of Christ will be discussed in chapter 112.

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