Sura 28
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The Story (Al-Qasas)

In the name of Allah, Gracious, Merciful.

1T. S. M.

2These are verses of the book that makes clear.

3We rehearse to you some of the story of Moses and Pharaoh in truth for people who believe.

4Truly, Pharaoh elated himself in the land and broke up its people into sections depressing a small group among them: their sons he slew but he kept alive their females: for he was indeed a maker of mischief.1

5And We wished to be gracious to those who were being depressed in the land to make them leaders and make them heirs.

Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim

1Tua Saa Maa

2Tilka ayatul kitabil mubin

3Natlu alaika minnabai Musa wa firauna bilhaqqi laqaumiy yuminun

4Inna Firauna ala fil ardi wa jaala ahlaha siya ayyastadifu ta ifafatam minhum yuzab bihu abna ahum wa yastahyi nisa ahum innahu kana minal mufsidin

5Wa nuridu annamunna alal lazinas tadifu filardi wa najalahum a im mataw wa najalahumul warisin

1. Like Ghenhis Khan whose greatest pleasure in life was to conquer his enemies, seize their horses and goods, and hear their women crying; Pharaoh’s ploy was to secure his people and prevent the Israelites from building a strong army of men who would one day rebel against him. The was not out of mischief, it was sheer wickedness, a military strategy of cruel proportions. A case for the United Nations War Crime Tribunal.

[Commentary continues below.]

6And to establish a firm place for them in the land and to show Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts at their hands the very things against which they were taking precautions.2

7And so We sent this inspiration to the mother of Moses: “Suckle thy child but when you have fears about him, cast him into the river but fear not, nor grieve: for We shall restore him to you and We shall make him one of Our apostles.”

8Then the people of Pharaoh picked him up: it was intended that he should be to them an adversary and a cause of sorrow: for Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts were men of sin.

6Wa numak kina lahum fil ardi wa nuriya Firaauna wa hamana wa junudahuma minhum ma kanu yahzarun

7Wa auhaina ila ummi Musa an ardiih fa iza hifti alaihi fa alqihi fil yam mi wa la tahafi wa la tahzani inna radduhu ilaiki wa jailuhu minal mursalin

8Fal taqatahu alu Firauna liyakuna lahum aduw waw wa hazana in na Firauna wa Hamana wa junudahuma kanu hatiin

2. It would have been very easy to accept Haman as Pharaoh’s chief minister, but since it is difficult to reconcile Mary, the Mother of Jesus, from the tribe of Judah with Aaron, the brother of Moses from the tribe of Levi. Mary and Aaron lived several centuries apart and are not even related. Yet the Qur’an makes them siblings (19:28). Even so it should be difficult to accept Haman as a contemporary of Moses. The name Haman does appear in the Bible as the favorite of Ahasuerus King of Persia at the time of Esther (A Jewess) who became the Queen of Persia (Esther 1).

[Commentary continues below.]

9And the wife of Pharaoh said: “Here is a joy of the eye for me and for you: do not slay him. It may be that he will be of use to us or we may adopt him as a son.” And they perceived not what they were doing!

10And there came to be a void in the heart of the mother of Moses: she was going almost to disclose him, had We not strengthened her heart so that she might remain a believer.

11And she said to his sister, “Follow him.” So she watched him in the character of a stranger and they knew not.

12And We ordained that he refused suck at first until his sister came up and said: “Shall I point out to you the people of a house that will nourish and bring him up for you and be sincerely attached to him?”

9Wa qalatim raatu Firauna qurratu ainilli wa lak la taqtuluh asa ay yanfaana au nat tahizahu waladaw wa hum la yasurun

10Wa asbaha fu adu ummi Musa fariga inkadat latubdi bihi lau la ar rabatna ala qalbiha litakuna minal muminin

11Wa qalat li uhtihi qussih fabasurat bihi an junubiw wa hum la yasurun

12Wa har ramna alaihil maradia min qablu faqalat hal adul lukum ala ahli baitiy yakfulunahu lakum wa hum lahu nasihun

[Commentary continues below.]

13Thus did We restore him to his mother that her eye might be comforted, that she might not grieve and that she might know that the promise of Allah is true: but most of them do not understand.

14And when he reached full age and was firmly established, We bestowed on him wisdom and knowledge: for thus do We reward those who do good.

15And he entered the city at a time when its people were not watching: and he found there two men fighting, one of his own religion and the other of his foes. Now the man of his own religion appealed to him against his foe and Moses struck him with his fist and made an end of him. He said: “This is a work of evil: for he is an enemy that manifestly misleads!”

14Wa lamma balaga asuddahu was tawa atainahu hukmawwa ilma wa kazalika najzil muhsinin

15Wa dakalal madinata ala hini gaflatim min ahliha fawajada fiha rajulaini yaqtatilani haza min siatihi wa haza min aduw wihi fastagasahul lazi min siatihi alal lazi min aduw wihi fawakazahu Musa faqada alaihi qala haza min amalis Syaitani innahu aduw wum mudil lum mubin

[Commentary continues below.]

16He prayed: “O my Lord! I have indeed wronged my soul! Forgive me!” So Allah forgave him: for He is the often forgiving, most merciful.

17He said: “O my Lord! for that You have bestowed Your grace on me never shall I be a help to those who sin!”

18So he saw the morning in the city looking about in a state of fear when behold the man who had the day before sought his help called aloud for his help. Moses said to him: “You are truly it is clear a quarrelsome fellow!”3

19Then when he decided to lay hold of the man who was an enemy to both of them, that man said: “O Moses! is it your intention to slay me as you slew a man yesterday? Your intention is none other than to become a powerful violent man in the land, and not to be one who sets things right!”

16Qala rabbini zalamtu nafsi fagfirli fagafara lah innahu huwal gafurur rahim

17Qala rabbi bima anamta alayya falan akuna zahiral lilmujrimin

18Fa asbaha fil madinati ka ifayyataraq qabu fa izal lazis tansarahu bil amsi yastasrikuh qala lahu Musa innaka lagawiyyum mubin

19Falam ma an arada ayyabtisya billazi huwa aduw wullahuma qala ya Musa aturidu an taqtulani kama qatalta nafsam bil amsi inturidu illa an takuna jab baran filardi wa ma turidu an takuna minal muslihin

3. According to the story told by Moses, the man did not call for Moses’ help. Rather, as good hearted as Moses was, he saw two Israelites fighting, he did not even perceive the other as the one he had helped previously, but when one of them uttered the following, “Who made you a prince and a judge over us? Do you mean to kill me as you killed the Egyptian?” Then Moses was afraid, and thought, Surely the thing is known.(Exodus 2:14)

[Commentary continues below.]

20And there came a man running from the furthest end of the city. He said: “O Moses! the Chiefs are taking counsel together about you to slay you: so get away for I do give you sincere advice.”

21He therefore got away therefrom looking about in a state of fear. He prayed: “O my Lord! save me from people given to wrongdoing.”

22And when he turned his face towards Madyan, he said: “I do hope that my Lord will show me the smooth and straight Path.”4

23And when he arrived at the watering in Madyan, he found there a group of men watering and besides them he found two women who were keeping back their flocks. He said: “What is the matter with you?” They said: “We cannot water our flocks until the shepherds take back their flocks: and our father is a very old man.”5

20Wa ja a rajulum minaqsal madinati yasa qala ya Musa innal mala a yatamiruna bika liyaqtuluka fahruj inni laka minan nasihin

21Fakharaja minha ha ifay yataraq qab qala rabbi najjini minal qaumizzalimin

22Wa lamma tawajjaha tilqa a madyana qala asa rabbi ayyahdiyani sawa as sabil

23Wa lam ma warada ma a mad yana waiada alaihi um matam minan nasi yasquna wawajada min dunihimum ra ataini tazudan qala ma hatbukuma qalata la nasqi hatta yusdirarri au wa abuna saikun kabir

4. Though a Hebrew, Moses had at this time not had any personal experience with the God of his fathers, therefore he fled, for fear of his life. He knew not how to pray or so it seemed.

 

5. The women were seven according to Exodus 2:16 and not two, as Allah and Muhammad are alleging.

[Commentary continues below.]

24So he watered their flocks for them; then he turned back to the shade and said: “O my Lord! truly am I in desperate need of any good that You send me!”

25Afterwards one of them came to him walking bashfully. She said: “My father invites you that he may reward you for having watered our flocks for us.” So when he came to him and narrated the story he said: “Fear not: you have escaped from unjust people.”

26Said one of them: “O my father! engage him on wages: truly the best of men for you to employ is he who is strong and trustworthy”.

24Fasaqa lahuma summa tawal la ilaz zilli faqala rabbi inni lima anzalta ilayya min hairin faqir

25Faja at hu ihdahuma tamsi alas tihya qa at inna abi yaduka liyajziyaka ajra ma saqaita lana falam ma ja ahu wa qas sa alaihil qasasa qala la takhaf najauta minal qaumiz zalimin

26Qalat ihdahuma ya abatis tajirhu inna haira manis tajartal qawiyyul amin

[Commentary continues below.]

27He said: “I intended to wed one of these my daughters to you, on condition that you serve me for eight years; but if you complete ten years it will be grace from thee. But I intend not to place you under a difficulty: you will find me indeed if Allah wills, one of the righteous.”

28He said: “Be that the agreement between you and I: whichever of the two terms I fulfill, let there be no ill will to me. Be Allah a witness to what we say.”

29Now when Moses had fulfilled the term and was traveling with his family he perceived a fire in the direction of Mount Tur. He said to his family: “Tarry; I perceive a fire; I hope to bring you from there some information or a burning firebrand that you may warm yourselves.”

27Qala inni uridu an unkihaka ihdab natayya hataini ala an tajurani samaniya hijaj fa in atmamta asyran famin indik wa ma uridu an asyuqa alaik satajiduni in saal lahu minas salihin

28Qala zalika baini wa bainak ayyamal ajalaini qadaitu fala udwana alay wal lahu ala ma naqulu wakil

29Falamma qada Musal ajala wa sara bi ahlihi anasa min janibitturi nara qala li ahlihim kutsu inni anasu naral laal li atikum minha bikhabarin au jazwatim minan nari laal lakum tastalun

[Commentary continues below.]

30But when he came to it a voice was heard from the right bank of the valley, from a tree in hallowed ground: “O Moses! verily, I am Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

31“Now do you throw your rod!” But when he saw it moving, as if it had been a snake, He turned back in retreat and retraced not his steps: “O Moses!” “draw near and fear not: for you are of those who are secure.

32“Move your hand into your bosom and it will come forth white without stain and draw your hand close to your side against fear. Those are the two credentials from your Lord to Pharaoh and his Chiefs: for truly they are a people rebellious and wicked.”

30Falamma ataha nudiya min sati il wadil aimani fil buqatil mubarakati minassajarati ayya Musa inni anallahu rabbul alamin

31Wa an alqi ashak falam ma ra aha tahtazzu ka annaha nuw wal la mudbiraw walam yuaq qib ya Musa aqbil wa la takhaf in naka minal aminin

32Usluk yadaka fi jaibika tahruj baida a min gairi su iwwadmum ilaika janahaka minar rahbi fazanika burhanani mirrabbika ila Firauna wa mala ih innahum kanu qauman fasiqin

[Commentary continues below.]

33He said: “O my Lord! I have slain a man among them and I fear lest they slay me.

34“And my brother Aaron he is more eloquent in speech than I: so send him with me as a helper to confirm me; for I fear that they may accuse me of falsehood.”

35He said: “We will certainly strengthen your arm through your brother and invest you both with authority so they shall not be able to touch you: with Our signs you shall triumph, you two, as well as those who follow you.”

36When Moses came to them with Our clear signs they said: “This is nothing but sorcery faked up: never did we hear the like among our fathers of old!”

33Qala rabbi inni qataltu minhum nafsan fa akhafu ayyaqtulun

34Wa aki Harunu huwa afsahu mini lisanan fa arsilhu maiya rid ayyusad diquni inni akhafu ayyukaz zibun

35Qala sanasuddu adudaka bi akhika wa najalu lakuma sultanan fala yasiluna ilaikuma bi ayatina antuma wa manit tabaakumal galibun

36Falamma ja ahum Musa bi ayatina bayyinatin qalu ma haza illa sihrum muftaraw wa ma samina bihaza fi aba inal aw walin

[Commentary continues below.]

37And Moses said: “My Lord knows best who it is that comes with guidance from Him and whose end will be best in the hereafter: certain it is that the wrongdoers will not prosper.”

38Pharaoh said: “O Chiefs! no god do I know for you but myself: therefore, O Haman! light me a kiln to bake bricks out of clay and build me a lofty palace that I may mount up to the god of Moses: but as far as I am concerned I think Moses is a liar!”6

39And he was arrogant and insolent in the land beyond reason, he and his hosts: they thought that they would not have to return to Us!

37Wa qala Musa rabbi alamu biman jaa bil huda min indihi wa man takunu lahu aqibatud dar in nahu la yuflihuz zalimun

38Wa qala Firaunu ya ayyuhal mala u ma alimatu lakum min ilahin gairi fa auqid li ya hamanu alat tini fajal li sarhal laal li at taliu ila ilahi Musa wa inni la azun nuhu minal kazibin

39Was takbara huwa wa junuduhu filardi biga ril haqqi wa zannu anahum ilaina la yurjaun

6. The building of a tower in the Bible is the story of the birth of many languages, a scheme used by God to fulfill His purpose of mankind replenishing the earth. After the flood, after the death of Noah, his descendants decided to build a tower which will reach the heavens so that do not scatter abroad upon the face of the earth. With the birth of the many new languages, the people became confused, not understanding one another, their work was abandoned and then they were scattered abroad upon the face of the earth. The full story of this account is found in Genesis 11:1-9. According to George Sale quoting from Al Zamakhshari;

“It is said that Haman, having prepared bricks and other materials, employed no less that fifty thousand men, besides labourers, in the building; which they carried to so immense a height that the workmen could no longer stand on it; that Pharaoh, ascending this tower, threw a javelin towards heaven, which fell back again stained with blood, whereupon he

impiously boasted that he had killed the God of Moses; but at sunset God sent the angel Gabriel, who, with one stroke of his wing, demolished the tower, a part whereof, falling on the King’s army, destroyed a million of men.”

Whereas the so-called Tower of Egypt cannot be traced because Egyptians built Pyramids, the Tower of Babel can be traced. It is located 10 miles southwest of the center of Babylon. It was built about the time of Peleg, 101 years after the flood and 326 years before the call of Abraham (H. H. Harley pg. 83). It is to be noted that such historical inaccuracies abound in the Qur’an, which claims to be infallible.

40So We seized him and his hosts and We flung them into the sea: now behold what was the end of those who did wrong!

41And We made them leaders inviting to the fire; and on the day of judgment no help shall they find.

42And in this world We made a curse to follow them: and on the day of judgment they will be among the loathed.

43And We did reveal to Moses the book after We had destroyed the earlier generations to give insight to men and guidance and mercy, that they might receive admonition.

44You were not on the Western side when We decreed the commission to Moses nor were you a witness.7

40Fa akaznahu wa junudahu fanabaznahum fil yam fan zur kaifa kana aqibatuz zalimin

41Wa jaalnahum a immatay yaduna ilannari wa yaumal qiyamati la yunsarun

42Wa atbanahum fi hazihid dunya lanah wa yaumal qiyamati humminal maqbuhin

43Wa laqad ataina Musa kitaba mim badi ma ahlaknal qurunal ula basa ira linnasi wa hudawwa rahmatal la allahum yatazakkarun

44Wa ma kunta bijanibil garbiyyi iz qadaina ila Musal amra wa ma kunta minas sahidin

7. A famous Ashanti (Ghanaian) proverb says that “The liar always says that his witness is in overseas. Moses was there, at least, and his testimony is in the Bible which can be verified. Muhammad, on the other hand was not there, and cannot rectify his version.

[Commentary continues below.]

45But We raised up (new) generations and long were the ages that passed over them; but you were not a dweller among the people of Madyan rehearsing Our signs to them; but it is We who send apostles.

46Nor were you at the side of the Mountain of Tur when We called to Moses. Yet you are sent as a mercy from your Lord to give warning to a people to whom no warner had come before you: in order that they may receive admonition.8

47And if We had not sent you to the Quraish, in case a calamity should seize them for the deed) that their hands have sent forth, they might say: “Our Lord! why did You not send us an apostle? We should then have followed the signs and been amongst those who believe!”

45Wa lakin na ansana qurunan fa tatawala alaihimul umur wama kunta sawiyan fi ahli maddana tatlu alaihim ayatina wa lakinna kunna mursilin

46Wa ma kunta bijanibit Turi iz nadaina wa lakir rahmatam mir rabbika litunzira qaumam ma atahum minnazirim min qablika la al lahum yatazak karun

47Wa lau la an tusibahum musibatun bima qad damat aidihim faya qulu rabbana laula arsalta ilaina rasulan fanat tabia ayatika wa nakuna minal muminin

8. By all accounts Muhammad was not the first to preach to the people of Arabia as claimed in the above. Qur’an 11:50:

“To the `Ad People (We sent) Hud one of their own brethren ...”

Chapter 11 of the Qur’an is named Hud. As a prophet, he was sent to A’d in southern Medina which is in Arabia. Shu’aib (Qur’an 29:36) from Hijaz also preached to the Arabians about monotheism. There were Arab Christians like Warqa bin Naufal who undoubtedly preached to their own kind. So to say that the Arab people are a people who had not received any warner previously is not only wrong but false

[Commentary continues below.]

48But when the Truth has come to them from Ourselves they say “Why are not Signs sent to him like those which were sent to Moses?” Do they not then reject the Signs which were formerly sent to Moses? They say: “Two kinds of sorcery each assisting the other!” And they say: “For us we reject all such things!”

49Say: “Then bring a book from Allah which is a better guide than either of them that I may follow it! If ye are truthful!9

50But if they hearken not to you, know that they only follow their own lusts: and who is more astray than one who follows his own lusts, devoid of guidance from Allah? For Allah guides not people given to wrongdoing.

51And now have We caused the word to reach they themselves in order that they may receive admonition.

52Those to whom We sent the book before this, they do believe in this revelation;

48Falamma ja ahumul haqqu min indina qalu laula utiya mitsla ma utiya Musa awalam yakfuru bima utiya Musa min qabl qalu sihrani tazahara wa qalu inna bikul lin kafiruna

49Qul fatu bikitabim min indillahi huwa ahda minhuma attabihu inkuntum sadiqin

50Fa illam yastajibu laka falam an namayattabiuna ahwa ahum wa man adal lu mimmanittabaa hawahu bagairi hudam minallah innallaha la yahdil qaumaz zalimin

51Wa laqad was salna lahumul qaula laal lahum yatazak karun

52Allazina atainahumul kitaba min qabihi humabihi yuminun

9. Muhammad brought the Qur’an and claims that he does not know what will be done with him in the hereafter (Qur’an 46:9). Jesus spoke and His words are recorded in a Book in which He says,

Believe in God and believe also in Me, because in My Father’s house are many mansions and I am going to prepare a place for you, and when I am done, I will come back and take you with Me. (John 14:1-3).

The Qur’an says that if you follow it, you will pass through the fire of hell (19:72), the Bible says that if you follow it, you will not perish but have life everlasting (John 3:16). By comparison, you be the judge and decide which of the two is a better Book.

[Commentary continues below.]

53And when it is recited to them, they say: “We believe therein for it is the truth from our Lord: indeed we have been Muslims from before this.”10

54Twice will they be given their reward for they have persevered that they avert evil with good and that they spend in charity out of what We have given them.

55And when they hear vain talk, they turn away therefrom and say: “To us our deeds and to you yours; peace be to you: we seek not the ignorant.”11

56It is true you will not be able to guide everyone whom you love: but Allah guides those whom He will and He knows best those who receive guidance.

53Wa iza yutla alaihim qalu aman nabihi innahul haqqu mirrabbina inna kunna min qablihi muslimin

54Ulaika yutauna ajrahum marrataini bima sabaru wa yadra una bil hasanatis sayyi ata wa mimma razaqnahum yunfiqun

55Wa iza samiul lagwa aradu anhu wa qalu lana amaluna wa lakum amalukum salamun alaikum la nabtagil jahilin

56Innaka la tahdi man ahbabta wa lakin nallaha yahdi mayyasya wa huwa alamu bil muhtadin

10. Is by Muslims the people who had Book before Muhammad meant that they submitted to God, Yes. But if by that Muhammad they had followed the religion which he followed, no. By definition, Islam means submission to the Will of God. This, the prophets, patriarchs and people of the Bible believe in.

11. In other words, avoid all appearance of evil. 1 Thessalonians 5:22: ...keep away from every kind of evil.

[Commentary continues below.]

57They say: “If we were to follow the guidance with you we should be snatched away from our land.” Have We not established for them a secure sanctuary to which are brought as tribute fruits of all kinds? A provision from Ourselves? But most of them understand not.

58And how many populations We destroyed which exulted in their life of ease and plenty! Now those habitations of theirs after them are deserted all but a few! and We are their heirs!

59Nor was your Lord the one to destroy a population until He had sent to its center an apostle rehearsing to them Our signs: nor are We going to destroy a population except when its members practice iniquity.

57Wa qalu innattabiil huda maaka nutakat taf min ardina awalam numak kil lahum haraman aminay yujba ilaihi samaratu kul li sai ir rizqam mil ladun na wa lakin na aksarahum la yalamun

58Wa kam ahlakna min qaryatim batirat maisyataha fatilka masakinuhum lam tuskam min badihim illa qalila wa kunna nahnul warisin

59Wama kana rabbuka muhlikal qura hatta yabatsa fi ummiha rasulayyatlu alaihim ayatina wa ma kunna muhlikil qura il la wa ahluha zalimun

[Commentary continues below.]

60The things which you are given are but the conveniences of this life and the glitter thereof; but that which is with Allah is better and more enduring: will you not then be wise?

61Are these two alike? one to whom We have made a goodly promise and who is going to reach its fulfillment and one to whom we have given the good things of this life but who on the day of judgment is to be among those brought up for punishment?

62And that day Allah will call to them and say: “Where are my “partners”? whom you imagined?”

63Those against whom the charge will be proved will say: “Our Lord! these are the ones whom we led astray: we led them astray as we were astray ourselves: we free ourselves in Your presence! It was not us they worshiped.”

60Wa ma utitum min sai in famataul hayatid dunya wa zinatuha wa ma indal lahi hairuw wa abqa afala taqilun

61Afamaw wa adnahu wa dan hasanan fahuwa laqihi kamam mattanahu mataal hayatid dunya summa huwa yaumal qiyamati minal muhdarin

62Wa yauma yunadihim fayaqulu aina suraka iyal lazina kuntum tazumun

63Qalal lazina haq qa alaihimul qaulu rabbana ha ula il lazina agwaina agwainahum kama gawaina tabar rana ilaikama kanu iyyana yabudun

[Commentary continues below.]

64And it will be said: “Call upon your “partners”: they will call upon them but they will not listen to them; and they will see the penalty; how they will wish “If only they had been open to guidance!”

65That day Allah will call to them and say: “What was the answer you gave to the apostles?”

66Then the whole story that day will seem obscure to them like light to the blind and they will not be able to question each other.

67But any that had repented, believed, and worked righteousness, will have hopes to be among those who achieve salvation.

68And your Lord does create and choose as He pleases: no choice have they: Glory to Allah! and far is He above the partners they ascribe!

69And your Lord knows all that their hearts conceal and all that they reveal.

64Wa qiladu suraka akum fada’auhum falam yastajibu lahum wa rawul azab lau an nahum kanu yahtadun

65Wa yauma yunadihim fayaqulu maza ajabtumul mursalin

66Faamiyat alaihumul an ba u yauma izin fahum la yatasa alun

67Fa ammaman taba wa amana wa amila salihan faasa ay ykuna minal muflihin

68Wa rabbuka yahluqu ma yasyau wa yahtar ma kana lahumul hiyarah subhanal lahi wa taala amma yusrikun

69Wa rabbuka yalamu ma tukin nu suduruhum wa ma yulinun

[Commentary continues below.]

70And He is Allah: there is no god but He. To him be praise at the first and at the last: for Him is the command and to Him shall you be brought back.

71Say: See? If Allah were to make the night perpetual over you to the day of judgment, what god is there other than Allah who can give you enlightenment? Will you not then hearken?

72Say: See? If Allah were to make the day perpetual over you to the day of judgment what god is there other than Allah who can give you a night in which you can rest? Will you not then see?

70Wa huwal lahu la ilaha il la hu lahul hamdu fil ula wal akhirati wa lahul hukmu wa ilaihi turjaun

71Qul ara aitum in jaalal lahu alaikumul laila sarmadan ila yaumil qiyamati man ilahun gairul lahi yatikum bidiya afala tasmaun

72Qul ara aitum in jaalal lahu alaikumun nahara sarmadan ila yaumil qiyamati man ilahun gairul lahi yatikum bilailin taskununa fih afala tubsirun

[Commentary continues below.]

73And it is out of His mercy that He has made for you night and day that you may rest therein and that you may seek of His grace and in ;order that ye may be grateful.

74And the day that He will call on them, He will say: “Where are My “partners” whom you imagined?”

75And from each people shall We draw a witness and We shall say: “Produce your proof”: then shall they know that the truth is in Allah and the lies which they invented will leave them in the lurch.”

73Wa mir ahmatihi jaala lakumul laila wan nahara litaskunu fihi wa litabtagu min fadlihi wa laal lakum taskurun

74Wa yauma yunadihim fayaqulu aina suraka iyal lazina kuntum tazumun

75Wa nazana minkulli um matin sahidan faqulna hatu burhanakum faalimu an nal haqqa lillahi wa dal la anhum ma kanu yaftarun

[Commentary continues below.]

76Qarun was doubtless of the people of Moses; but he acted insolently towards them: such were the treasures We had bestowed on him that their very keys would have been a burden to a body of strong men: Behold his people said to him: “Exult not, for Allah loves not those who exult.12

77“But seek with the wealth which Allah has bestowed on you the home of the hereafter, nor forget your portion in this world: but do good as Allah has been good to you and seek not occasions for mischief in the land: for Allah loves not those who do mischief.”

78He said: “This has been given to me because of a certain knowledge which I have.” Did he not know that Allah had destroyed before him generations which were superior to him in strength and greater in amount of riches they had collected? But the wicked are not called immediately to account for their sins.

76Inna Qaruna kana min qaumi Musa fabaga alaihim wa atainahu minal kunuzi ma inna mafatihahu latanu u bil usbati ulil quw wati iz qala lahu qaumuhu la tafrah in nal laha la yuhib bul fari hin

77Wabtagi fi ma atakal lahud daral akhirata wa la tansa nasibaka minad dunya wa ahsin kama ahsanal lahu ilaika wa la tabgil fasada fil ard innallaha la yuhib bul mutsidin

78Qala innama utituhu ala ilmin indi awalam yalam annallaha qad ahlaka min qablihi minal quruni man huwa asyad du minhu quw wataw wa aksaru jama wa la yus alu an zunubihimul mujrimun

12. Qarun is the same as Korah a Levite, the son of Izhar, the son of Kohath. His insolence had nothing to do with his wealth. He, being a Levite had erroneously thought that Moses should not be the only leader of the people, as a result, together with 250 others leaders of the people revolted. According to Numbers 16, the earth opened up and swallowed them up for their punishment.

The moral lesson here is that God chooses whom He pleases to be His prophet or Priest, therefore, let no one revolt against such. Any insolence shown to such men is tantamount to insolence against God. Twice in the ministry of Moses such demonstration happened with family members as the ring leaders.

In Numbers 12:1-15, Miriam and Aaron murmured against Moses and God had to strike Miriam with leprosy. Anyone speaking in the name of the Lord should be respected for such office. David’s advise is “Touch not the Lord’s anointed.”

79So he went forth among his people in the glitter. Said those whose aim is the life of this world: “Oh that we had the like of what Qarun has got! For he is truly a lord of mighty good fortune.”

80And those who had been granted knowledge said: “Alas for you! the reward of Allah is best for those who believe and work righteousness: but this none shall attain save those who steadfastly persevere.”

81Then We caused the earth to swallow him up and his house; and he had not the least little party to help him against Allah nor could he defend himself.

79Fahraja ala qaumihi fi zinatih qalal lazina yuridunal hayatad dunya ya laita lana mitsla ma utiya Qarunu innahu lazu hazzin azim

80Wa qalal lazina utul ilma wailakum sawabul lahi hairul liman amana wa amila saliha wa la yulaq qaha il las sabirun

81Fahasafna bihi wa bidarihil ard fama kana lahu minfi atiy yansurunahu min dunil lahi wa ma kana minal muntasirin

 

82And those who had envied his position the day before began to say on the morrow: “Ah! it is indeed Allah who enlarges the provision or restricts it to any of His servants He pleases! Had it not been that Allah was gracious to us He could have caused the earth to swallow us up! Ah! those who reject Allah will assuredly never prosper.”

83That house of the hereafter, We shall give to those who intend not high handedness or mischief on earth: and the end is for the righteous.

84If any does good the reward to him is better than his deed; but if any does evil the doers of evil are only punished to the extent of their deeds.

85Verily, He who ordained the Qur’an for you will bring you back to the place of return. Say: “My Lord knows best who it is that brings true guidance and who is in manifest error.”

82Wa asbahal lazina taman nau makanahu bil amsi yaquluna waika an nal laha yabsutur rizqa limay yasya u min ibadihi wa yaqdir laula amman nallahu alaina lahasafa bina waika annahu la yuflihul kafirun

83Tilkad darul akhiratu najaluha lillazina la yuriduna uluwwan fil ardi wa la fasadan wal aqibatu lilmut taqin

84Man jaa bil hasanati falahu hairum minha wa man jaa bis sayyiati fala yujzal lazina amilus say yiati illa ma kanu yamalun

85Innal lazi farada alaikal qurana larad duka ila maad qur rabbi alamu man jaa bil huda wa man huwa fi dalalin mubin

 

86And you had not expected that the book would be sent to you except as a mercy from your Lord: therefore lend not thou support in any way to those who reject Allah’s Message.

87And let nothing keep you back from the signs of Allah after they have been revealed to thee: and invite men to your Lord and be not of the company of those who join gods with Allah.

88And call not besides Allah on another god. There is no god but He. Everything will perish except His own face. To him belongs the command and to him will you be brought back.

86Wa ma kunta tarju ayyulqa ilaikal kitabu illa rahmatam mirrabbika fala takunan na zahiral lilkafirin

87Wa la yashud dun naka an ayatil lahi bada iz unzilat ilaika wadu ila rabbika wa la takunan na minal musrikin

88Wa la tadu maal lahi ilahan akhar la ilaha illa huwa kullu sai in halikun illa wajhah lahul hukmu wa ilaihi turjaun

 

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