The Romans (ArRűm)
In the name of
Allah, Gracious, Merciful.
2The Roman Empire has been defeated.
3In a land close by; but they after this defeat of theirs will soon be
4Within a few years. With Allah is the decision in the past and in the
future: on that day shall the believers rejoice
5With the help of Allah. He helps whom He will and He is exalted in might,
6The promise of Allah. Never does Allah depart from His promise: but most
men understand not.
7They know but the outer things in the life of this world: but of the end
of things they are heedless.
1Alif lam mim
3Fi adnal ardi wa hum min badi galabihim sayaglibun
4Fi bidi sinin lillahil amru min qablu wa min bad wa yauma iziy yafrahul
5Binasrillah yansuru may yasya wa huwal azizur rahim
6Wadal lah la yuhliful lahu wadahu wa lakin na aksaran nasi la yalamun
7Yalamuna zahiram minal hayatid dunya wa hum anil ahirati hum gafilun
1. This is hailed
by Muslims as a convincing proof towards Muhammad’s prophethood. This
incident may have happened around 615 A.D. According to traditions, the
Romans or Greeks as claimed by others were defeated by Persia and Jerusalem
was taken. Since the Christians boasted of a believe in an all powerful God,
the pagan Arabs surmised that they could also defeat Muhammad who likewise
believed in an all powerful God. Thus they rejoiced and awaited the day when
Islam would fall.
Muhammad then predicted that the Christians will be
victorious again, which according to Yusuf Ali occurred in 622 at the battle
of Issus seven years later, around which time the Meccans were also defeated
at the battle of Badr.
This, according to the Muslims legitimizes Muhammad
claim to prophethood. However, this is more of a military prediction than a
prophecy. It is just like saying that were American President Bill Clinton
to run again for office he would win the elections hands down.
analytical thinker could make such prediction and he would be right.
Muhammad, having analyzed the situation came up with the result of his
analysis and he was right. But this does not make him a prophet.
2. The tables did indeed turn and the Muslims rejoiced over the fact
the pagans have been defeated both by the Christians and the Muslims.
8Do they not reflect in their own minds? Not but for just ends and for a
term appointed did Allah create the heavens and the earth and all between
them: yet are there truly many among men who deny the meeting with their
Lord at the resurrection!
9Do they not travel through the earth and see what was the end of those
before them? They were superior to them in strength: they tilled the soil
and populated it in greater numbers than these have done: there came to them
their apostles with clear signs which they rejected to their own
destruction: it was not Allah who wronged them but they wronged their own
8Awalam yatafak karu fi anfusihim ma halaqal lahus samawati wal arda wa ma
bainahuma il la bil haq qi wa ajalim musam ma wa in na kasiram minan nasi
biliqai Rabbihim lakafirun
9Awalam yasi ru fil ardi fayanzuru kaifa kana aqibatul lazina min qablihim
kanu asyad da minhum quw wataw wa asarul arda wa amaruha aksara mim ma
amaruha wa ja at hum rusuluhum bil bay yinati famakanal lahu liyazlimahum wa
lakin kanu anfusahum yazlimun
[Commentary continues below.]
10In the long run, evil in the extreme will be the end of those who do
evil; for that they rejected the signs of Allah and held them up to
11It is Allah who begins the process of creation; then repeats it; then
you shall be brought back to Him.
12And on the day that the hour will be established, the guilty will be
struck dumb with despair.
13And no intercessor will they have among their “partners” and they will
reject their “partners.”
14And on the day that the hour will be established, that day shall all men
be sorted out.
15Then those who have believed and worked righteous deeds shall be made
happy in a mead of delight.
10Summa kana aqibatal lazina asa us su a an kaz zabu bi ayatil lahi wa
kanu biha yastahzi un
11Allahu yabda ul halqa sum ma yuiduhu sum ma ilaihi turjaun
12Wa yauma taqumus saatu yublisul mujrimun
13Wa lam yakul lahum min suraka ihim sufaa u wa kanu bisurakahim kafirin
14Wa yauma taqumus saatu yaumaiziy yatafar raqun
15Fa ammallazina amanu wa amilus salihati fahum fi raudatiy yuhbarun
[Commentary continues below.]
16And those who have rejected faith and falsely denied Our signs and the
meeting of the hereafter such shall be brought forth to punishment.
17So give glory to Allah when you reach eventide and when you rise in the
18And to Him be praise in the heavens and on earth; and in the late
afternoon and when the day begins to decline.
19It is He who brings out the living from the dead and brings out the dead
from the living and who gives life to the earth after it is dead: and thus
shall you be brought out from the dead.
20And among His signs is this, that He created you from dust; and then
behold, you are men scattered far and wide!
16Wa am mal lazina kafaru wa kaz zabu bi ayatina wa liqa il ahirati fa ula
ika fil azabi muhdarun
17Fasubhanal lahi hina tumsuna wa hina tusbihun
18Wa lahul hamdu fis samawati wal ardi wa asiy yaw wa hina tuzhirun
19Yuhrijul hay ya minal may yiti wa yuhrijul may yita minal hay yi wa
yuhyil arda bada mautiha wa kazalika tuhrajun
20Wa min ayatihi an halaqakum min turabin sum ma iza antum basyarun
[Commentary continues below.]
21And among His signs is this, that He created for you mates from among
yourselves that you may dwell in tranquility with them and He has put love
and mercy between your hearts; verily, in that are signs for those who
22And among His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and the
variations in your languages and your colors: verily, in that are signs for
those who know.3
23And among His signs is the sleep that you take by night and by day and
the quest that you make for livelihood out of His bounty: verily, in that
are signs for those who hearken.
21Wa min ayatihi an halaqalakum min anfusikum azwajal litaskunu ilaiha wa
ja’ala bainakum mawad dataw wa rahmah in na fi zalika la ayatil laqaumiy
22. Wa min ayatihi halqus samawati wal ardi wahtilafu alsinatikum wa
alwanikum in na fi zalika la ayatil lilalamin
23Wa min ayatihi manamukum bil laili wan nahari wabtiga ukum min fadlih in
na fi zalika la ayatil liqaumiy yasmaun
3. Muslims believe
that the Qur’an in Arabic cannot be translated, yet they claim that Islam is
a universal religion. If variations in languages belong to Allah, how is it
that the Qur’an is only recited in Arabic during worship? In fact, no other
language is acceptable in worship besides Arabic. On the other hand,
Christianity is a universal religion, hence, its Scriptures are translated
into many, many languages. One is allowed to worship God in one’s own tongue,
herein lies the difference in the two religions and their claims to
[Commentary continues below.]
24And among His signs He shows you the lightning by way both of fear and
of hope and He sends down rain from the sky and with it gives life to the
earth after it is dead: verily, in that are signs for those who are wise.
25And among His signs is this, that heaven and earth stand by His command:
then when He calls you by a single call from the earth, behold you come
26To Him belongs every being that is in the heavens and on earth: all are
devoutly obedient to Him.
27And it is He who begins creation; then repeats it; and for Him it is
most easy. To Him belongs the loftiest similitude in the heavens and the
earth: for He is exalted in might, full of wisdom.
24Wa min ayatihi yurikumul barqa haufaw wa tamaaw wa yunaz zilu minas
samai ma an fayuhyi bihil arda bada mautiha in na fi zalika la ayatil
25Wa min ayatihi an taqumas sama u wal ardu bi amrihi summa iza daakum
dawatam minal ardi iza antum tahrujun
26Wa lahu man fis samawati wal ard kul lul lahu qanitun
27Wa huwal lazi yabdaul halqa sum ma yuiduhu wa huwa ahwanu alaih wa lahul
matsalul ala fis samawati wal ard wa huwal azizul hakim
[Commentary continues below.]
28He does propound to you a similitude from your own experience: do you
have partners among those whom your right hands possess to share as equals
in the wealth We have bestowed on you? Do you fear them as you fear each
other? Thus do We explain the signs in detail to a people that understand.
29Nay, the wrongdoers follow their own lusts being devoid of knowledge.
But who will guide those whom Allah leaves astray? To them there will be no
28Daraba lakum masalam min anfusikum hal lakum mim ma malakat aimanukum
min surakaa fi ma razaqnakum fa antum fihi sawa un tahafunahum kakifatikum
anfusakum kazalika nufas silul ayati liqaumiy yaqilun
29Balit taba’al lazina zalamu ahwa ahum bigairi ilm famay yahdi man adal
lal lah wa ma lahum min nasirin
4. This is the
Islamic doctrine of predestination, in actual fact, it is “Fatalism” which
means that no one can change his station in life unless otherwise
predisposed. That is to say that if you were created a murderer, a murderer
you would be, if you were created a thief, then a thief you w would be. This
is what the Hadith has to say regarding adultery and “Fatalism”. Sahih
Al-Bukhari Hadith 8.609 narrated by Ibn Abbas; “... ‘Allah has written for
the son of Adam his inevitable share of adultery whether he is aware of it
or not:...” Death is inevitable, but adultery, inevitable? What sins can
then be condemned in the religion of Islam. Likewise are those for hell and
heaven, it has been decreed and they can do nothing about them.
[Commentary continues below.]
30So set your face steadily and truly to the faith: Establish Allah’s
handiwork according to the pattern on which He has made mankind: no change
let there be in the work wrought by Allah: that is the standard religion:
but most among mankind understand not.5
31Turn back in repentance to Him and fear Him: establish regular prayers
and be not among those who join gods with Allah,6
32Those who split up their religion and become sects, each party rejoicing
in that which is with itself!7
33And when trouble touches men they cry to their Lord, turning back to Him
in repentance: but when He gives them a taste of mercy as from Himself,
behold, some of them pay part worship to other gods besides their Lord.
34To show their ingratitude for the favors We have bestowed on them! Then
enjoy your brief day; but soon will you know your folly.
30Fa aqim wajhaka lid dini hanifa fitratal lahil lati fataran nasa alaiha
la tabdila lihalqil lah zalikad dinul qay yimu wa lakin na aksaran nasi la
31Munibina ilaihi wat taquhu wa aqimus salata wa la takunu minal musrikin
32Minal lazina far raqu dinahum wa kanu siyaa kul lu hizbin bima ladaihim
33Wa iza ma sannasa dur run daau rabbahum munibina ilaihi sum ma iza
azaqahum minhu rahmatan iza fariqum minhum birab bihim yusrikun
34Liyakfuru bima atainahum fatamat tau fasaufa
5. The standard
religion is that which portrays God in His Holiness and as absolutely Moral.
Thus mankind was created, to reflect the image of the Most High God. In
Matthew 5:48, we are told to be perfect, even as our Father which is in
heaven is perfect. However, reading a passage like verse 29 destroys that
6. How then does repentance work in this
religion? Not forsaking the articles of the Pillars of Islam is true
repentance for the Muslim. Besides this, a Muslim can have as many wives as
he can support, so long as he keeps the practice of praying five times a
day, making the confession that there is no god but Allah, giving to
charity, fasting one month in a year, making the pilgrimage to Mecca and
contributing to Jihad. Nothing else can take the place of these, and one who
does these is truly repented.
Not so in Christianity. Repentance is forsaking sin in any shape or form and
abiding by the Word of God. Here are the words of Christ to that effect in
If you abide in me and my words abide in you, you can
ask for anything you want, and it will be yours. This is how my Father is
glorified, when you produce a lot of fruit and prove to be my disciples.
7. Islam is against sectarianism, yet, it is itself a
religion, taking from Judaism and Christianity and making it exclusively Islam.
It claims that Moses spoke about Muhammad (Qur’an 11:17), that Jesus spoke
about the coming of Ahmed (Muhammad) (Qur’an 61:6). Therefore he takes some
of his teaching from Moses and others from Jesus, however misapplied, and
from these you have Islam. In this light therefore it becomes intriguing
that Muhammad would say that his brand of Islam is the only true religion.
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 171 narrated by Abdullah ibn Amr:
(peace be upon him) said: There will befall my Ummah exactly (all those)
evils which befell the people of Isra’il, so much so that if there was one
amongst them who openly committed fornication with his mother there will be
among my Ummah one who will do that, and if the people of Isra’il were
fragmented into seventy-two sects my Ummah will be fragmented into
seventy-three sects. All of them will be in Hell Fire except one sect. They
(the Companions) said: Allah’s Messenger, which is that? Whereupon he said:
It is one to which I and my companions belong.”
Today there are over one thousand sects within Islam all over the world.
These sects came about mostly as disagreements between scholars and Imams
became more and more aggressive and intolerable. Such as we find in Judaism
and Christianity. Other times apostate charismatic figures, unwilling to
conform to orthodoxy splinters off and form their own sects. However, the
true and standard religion is that which holds the morality of God the
highest and promotes the characteristics of God such as; Love, Forgiveness,
Peace, Justice, Mercy, Faithfulness, Longsuffering, Righteousness, and so on
and so forth.
35Or have We sent down authority to them which points out to them the
things to which they pay part worship?
36And when We give men a taste of mercy, they exult thereat: and when some
evil afflicts them because of what their hands have sent forth, behold they
are in despair!
37See they not that Allah enlarges the provision and restricts it to
whomsoever He pleases? Verily, in that are signs for those who believe.
38So give what is due to kindred, the needy, and the wayfarer. That is
best for those who seek the countenance of Allah and it is they who will
35Am anzalna alaihim sultanan fahuwa yatakal lamu bima kanu bihi yusrikun
36Wa iza adzaqnan nasa rahmatan farihu biha wa in tushibhum say yi atun
bima qad damat aidihim iza hum yaqnatun
37Awalam yarau an nal laha yabsutur rizqa limay yasya u wa yaqdir in nafi
zalika la ayatil liqaumiy yuminun
38Fa ati zal qurba haq qahu wal miskina wabnas sabil zalika hairul lil
lazina yuriduna wajhal lahi wa ulaika humul muflihun
[Commentary continues below.]
39And that which you lay out for increase through the property of other
people will have no increase with Allah: but that which you lay out for
charity seeking the countenance of Allah will increase: it is these who will
get a recompense multiplied.
40It is Allah Who has created you: further He has provided for your
sustenance; then He will cause you to die; and again He will give you life.
Are there any of your partners who can do any single one of these things?
Glory to Him! and high is He above the partners they attribute to Him!
41Mischief has appeared on land and sea because of the meet that the hands
of men have earned, that Allah may give them a taste of some of their deeds:
in order that they may turn back from evil.
39Wa ma ataitum mir ribal liyar buwafi amwalin nasi fala yarbu indal lah
wa ma ataitum min zakatin turiduna wajhal lahi fa ula ika humul mudifun
40Al lahul lazi halaqakum sum ma razaqakum sum ma yumitukum sum ma
yuhyikum hal min suraka ikum may yafalu min zalikum min sai subhanahu wa
taala am ma yusrikun
41Zaharal fasadu fil bar ri wal bahri bima kasabat aidin nasi liyuziqahum
badal lazi amilu laal lahum yarjiun
accentuate that Jesus in not God, therefore, Christians are in error to
claim such for Him. Consequently He becomes One partnered with God and
therefore false. The above passage is making an exclusive claim to what only
God can do, give life to the dead, a deed which Jesus did time and again,
even the Qur’an testifies to that fact (Qur’an 3:49,
Muhammad calls such unjust. Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 9.648 narrated by Abu Huraira:
heard the Prophet saying, “Allah said, ‘Who are most unjust than those who
try to create something like My creation? I challenge them to create even a
smallest ant, a wheat grain or a barley grain.’
According to the Qur’an,
Jesus created; therefore, He is God. But Muhammad says He is most unjust.
Whose testimony would you believe?
42Say: “Travel through the earth and see what was the end of those before
you: most of them worshiped others besides Allah.”
43But set your face to the right religion before there come from Allah the
day which there is no chance of averting: on that day shall men be divided
44Those who reject faith will suffer from that rejection: and those who
work righteousness will spread their couch for themselves in heaven:
45That He may reward those who believe and work righteous deeds out of His
bounty: for He loves not those who reject faith.
42Qul siru fil ardi fanzuru kaifa kana aqibatul lazina min qabl
kana aksaruhum musrikin
43Fa aqim wajhaka lid dinil qay yimi min qabli ay yatiya yaumul la marad
da lahu minal lahi yauma iziy yasad daun
44Man kafara faalaihi kufruh wa man amila salihan fali anfusihim yamhadun
45Liyajziyal lazina amanu wa amilus salihati min fadlih in nahu la yuhib
46And among His signs is this, that He sends the winds as heralds of glad
tidings, giving you a taste of His mercy, that the ships may sail by His
command and that you may seek of His bounty: in order that you may be
47And We did indeed send before you apostles to their respective peoples
and they came to them with clear signs: then to those who transgressed We
meted out retribution: and it was due from us to aid those who believed.
46Wa min ayatihi ay yursilar riyaha mubas siratiw wa liyuzqakum mir
rahmatihi wa litajriyal fulku bi amrihi wa litabtagu min fadlihi wa laal
47Wa laqad arsalna min qablika rusulan ila qaumihim faja uhum bil bay
yinati fantaqamna minal lazina ajramu wa kana haq qan alaina nasrul muminin
48It is Allah who sends the winds and they raise the clouds: then does He
spread them in the sky as He wills and break them into fragments until you
see rain drops issue from the midst thereof, then when He has made them
reach such of his servants as He wills, behold, they rejoice!
49And even though before they received the rain just before this, they
were dumb with despair!
50Then contemplate the memorials of Allah’s mercy! How He gives life to
the earth after its death: verily, the same will give life to the men who
are dead: for He has power over all things.
51And if We send a wind from which they see their tilth turn yellow,
behold, they become thereafter ungrateful unbelievers!
52So verily, you cannot make the dead to hear nor can you make the deaf to
hear the call when they show their backs and turn away.
48Allahul lazi yursilur riyaha fatutsiru sahaban fayabsutuhu fis samai
kaifa yasyau wa yajaluhu kisafan fataral waqda yahruju min hilalih fa iza
ashaba bihi may yasya umin ibadihi iza hum yastabsirun
49Wa inkanu min qabli ayyunaz zala alaihim min qablihi lamublisin
50Fanzur ila asari rahmatil lahi kaifa yuhyil arda bada mautiha in na
zalika lamuhyil mauta wa huwa ala kul li sai in qadir
51Wa la in arsalna rihan fara auhu musfar ral lazal lu min badihi yakfurun
52Fa innaka la tusmiul mauta wa la tusmius sum mad dua a iza wallau
53And can you lead back the blind from their straying: only those will you
make to hear who believe in Our signs and submit.
54It is Allah who created you in a state of helpless weakness, then gave
you strength after weakness, then after strength give you weakness, and a
hoary head: He creates as He wills and it is He who has all knowledge and
55And on the day that the hour of reckoning will be established, the
transgressors will swear that they tarried not but an hour: thus were they
used to being deluded!
56And those endued with knowledge and faith will say: “Indeed you did
tarry within Allah’s decree to the day of resurrection and this is the day
of resurrection: but you were not aware!”
53Wa ma anta bihadil umyi an dalatihim in tusmiu il la may yuminu bi
ayatina fahum muslimun
54Alahul lazi halaqakum min dufin sum ma jaala min badi dafin quw watan
sum ma jaala min badi quw watin dafan wasai batan yahluku ma yasya u wahuwal
55Wa yauma taqumus saatu yuqmisul mujrimuna ma labisu gaira saah kazalika
56Wa qalal lazina utul ilma wal imana laqad labistum fi kitabil lahi ila
yaumil basi fahaza yaumul basi wa lakin nakum kuntum la talamun
57So on that day no excuse of theirs will avail the transgressors nor will
they be invited to seek grace.
58Verily, We have propounded for men in this Qur’an every kind of parable:
but if you bring to them any sign, the unbelievers are sure to say “You do
nothing but talk vanities.”
59Thus does Allah seal up the hearts of those who understand not.
60So patiently persevere: for verily, the promise of Allah is true: nor
let those shake your firmness who have themselves no certainty of faith.
57Fayauma izil la yanfaul lazina zalamu maziratuhum wa la hum yustatabun
58Wa laqad darabna linnasi fi hazal qurani min kulli masal wa la in
jitahum bi ayatil layaqulan nal lazina kafaru in antum il la mubtilun
59Kazalika yatbaul lahu ala qulubil lazina la yalamun
60Fasbir in na wadal lahi haq quw wa la yastakif fan nakal lazina la yuqi