Sura 31
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Luqman (Luqmân)

In the name of Allah, Gracious, Merciful.


2These are verses of the wise book,

3A guide and a mercy to the doers of good,

4Those who establish regular prayer and give regular charity and have in their hearts the assurance of the Hereafter.1

5These are on guidance from their Lord; and these are the ones who will prosper.

6And there are among men those who purchase idle tales without knowledge to mislead men from the path of Allah and throw ridicule: for such there will be a humiliating penalty.

Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim

1Alif lam mim

2Tilka ayatul kitabil hakim

3Hudaw wa rahmatal lilmuhsinin

4Al lazina yuqimunas salata wayutunaz zakata wahum bil ahiratihum yuqinun

5Ulaika ala hudam mirrabihim wa ulaika humul muflihun

6Wa minan nasi mayyastari lahwal hadisi liyudil lan sabilillahi bigairi ilmiw wa yat tahizaha huzuwa ulaika lahum azabum muhin

1. Now this is a new one on me since the Qur’an does not offer Muhammad of all people the assurance of his hereafter, how can it now claim to offer the assurance of the hereafter to anyone. Please note Quran 46:9.

2. In the economy of God, He overlooks our ignorance, but holds us to that which we have knowledge of (Acts 17:30):

Though God has overlooked those times of ignorance, he now commands everyone everywhere to repent...


7And when Our signs are rehearsed to such a one, he turns away in arrogance as if he heard them not, as if there were deafness in both his ears: announce to him a grievous penalty.3

8For those who believe and work righteous deeds there will be gardens of bliss.

9To dwell therein. The promise of Allah is true: and He is exalted in power, wise.

10He created the heavens without any pillars that you can see; He set on the earth mountains standing firm lest it should shake with you; and He scattered through it beasts of all kinds. We send down rain from the sky and produce on the earth every kind of noble creature in pairs.

7Wa iza tutla alaihi ayatuna wal la mustakbiran ka ak kam yasmaha ka a na fi uzunaihi waqra fabas sirhu biazabin alim

8Innal lazina amanu wa amilussalihati lahum jan natun naim

9Halisina fiha wa dal lahi haqqa wa huwal azizul hakim

10Halaqas samawati bigairi amadin taraunaha wa alqa fil ardi rawasiya an tamida bikum wa bas sa fiha minkulli dabbah wa anzalna minassamai ma an fa an batna fiha min kul li zaujin karim

3. This is more like the punishment which will befall those who scoff the signs of God.

[Commentary continues below.]

11Such is the creation of Allah: now show Me what is there that others besides Him have created: nay but the transgressors are in manifest error.4

12And We bestowed wisdom on Luqman: “Show gratitude to Allah.” Any who is grateful does so to the profit of his own soul: but if any is ungrateful, verily, Allah is free of all wants, worthy of all praise.

13And behold, Luqman said to his son by way of instruction: “O my son! Join not in worship with Allah: for false worship is indeed the highest wrong doing.”

14And We have enjoined on man to be good to his parents: in travail upon travail did his mother bear him, and in years twain was his weaning: “Show gratitude to Me and to your parents: to Me is your final goal.

11Haza halqul lahi fa aruni maza halaqal lazina mindunih baliz zalimuna fi dalalim mubin

12Wa laqad ataina lumanal hikmata aniskur lil lah wa may yaskur fain nama yaskur linafsih wa man kafara fa in nal laha ganiy yun hamid

13Wa izqala Luqmanu libnihi wa huwa yaizuhu yabunay ya la tusrik bil lah in nas sirka lazhulmun azim

14Wa wassainal insana biwalidaih hamalat hu ummuhu wahnan ala wahniw wa fisaluhu fi amaini aniskur li wa liwalidaik ilay yal masir


4. It has already been established that Jesus also created a bird according to Qur’an 3:49 and 5:110. This according to the argument makes Jesus God or co-equal with God.

With regards to Luqman, his true identity is not known, although he name is well preserved in Arabic fables.

[Commentary continues below.]

15“And if they strive to make thee join in worship with Me things of which you have no knowledge, obey them not; Yet bear them company in this life with justice and follow the way of those who turn to Me in the end the return of you all is to Me, and I will tell you the truth of all that you did.”

16“O my son!” “If there be the weight of a mustard seed and it were in a rock, or in the heavens, or on earth, Allah will bring it forth: for Allah understands the finest mysteries and is well acquainted with them.

17“O my son! establish regular prayer, enjoin what is just, and forbid what is wrong: and bear with patient constancy whatever betide you; for this is firmness in affairs.

15Wa injahadaka ala antusrika bi ma laisa laka bihi ilmun fala tuti huma wa sahibhuma fid dunya marufaw wattabi sabila man anaba ilayya summa ilayya marjiukum fa unab bi ukum bima kuntum tamalun

16Ya bunayya innaha intaku misqala habbatim min hardalin fatakun fi sakratin au fissamawati au fil ardi yati bihal lah innallaha latifun habir

17Ya bunayya aqimissalata wamur bil marufi wanha anil munkari was bir ala ma asabak inna zalika min azmil umur

[Commentary continues below.]

18“And swell not your cheek at men, nor walk in insolence through the earth; for Allah loves not any arrogant boaster.

19“And be moderate in your pace and lower your voice; for the harshest of sounds without doubt is the braying of the ass.”

20Do you not see that Allah has subjected to you all things in the heavens and on earth, and has made His bounties flow to you in exceeding measure, both seen and unseen? Yet there are among men those who dispute about Allah without knowledge and without guidance and without a book to enlighten them!

18Wa la tushair khad daka lin nasi wa la tamsi fil ardi maraha innallaha la yuhib bu kulla muhtalin fakur

19Waqsid fi masyika wagdud min sautik inna ankaral azwati lashautul hamir

20Alam tarau annallaha sak kara lakum ma fissamawati wa ma fil ardi wa asbaga alaikum niamahu zahirataw wa batinah wa minan nasi mayyujadilu fil lahi baigairi ilmiw wa la hudaw wa la kitabim munir


[Commentary continues below.]

21And when they are told to follow that which Allah has sent down, they say: “Nay, we shall follow the ways that we found our fathers following.” What! even if it is Satan beckoning them to the penalty of the fire!

22And whoever submits his whole self to Allah and is a doer of good has grasped, indeed, the most trustworthy hand hold: and with Allah rests the end and decision of affairs.

23And if any reject faith, let not his rejection grieve you: to Us is their return and We shall tell them the truth of their deeds: for Allah knows well all that is in men’) hearts.

24We grant them their pleasure for a little while: in the end shall We drive them to a chastisement unrelenting.

25And if you ask them who it is that created the heavens and the earth, they will certainly say “Allah.” Say: “Praise be to Allah!” but most of them understand not.

21Wa izaqila lahumut tabiu ma anzalallahu qalu bal nattabiu ma wajadna alaihi aba ana awalau kanas Syaitanu yaduhum ilaazabi sair

22Wa mayyuslim wajhahu ilallahi wa huwa muhsinun faqadis tamsaka bil urwatil wusqa wa ilallahi aqibatul umur

23Wa man kafara fala yahzunka kufruh ilaina marjiuhum fanunab bi uhum bima amilu innallaha alimum bizati sudur

24Numat tiuhum qalilan summa nad tarruhum ila azabin galiz

25Wa la insa altahum man halaqas samawati wal arda layaqulun nallah qulil hamdu lillah bal aksaruhum la yalamun


 [Commentary continues below.]

26To Allah belong all things in heaven and earth: verily, Allah is He that is free of all wants worthy of all praise.

27And if all the trees on earth were pens and the Ocean (were ink) with seven Oceans behind it to add to its (supply) yet would not the Words of Allah be exhausted (in the writing): for Allah is Exalted in power Full of Wisdom.5

28Your creation or your resurrection is in no wise but as an individual soul: for Allah is He who hears and sees all things.

29Do you not see that Allah merges night into day and He merges day into night; that He has subjected the sun and the moon, each running its course for a term appointed: and that Allah is well acquainted with all that you do?

26Lillahi ma fissamawati walard innal laha huwal ganiyyul hamid

27Wa lau anna ma fil ardi min sajaratin aqlamuw wal bahru yamud duhu min badihi sabatu abhurim ma nafidat kalimatul lah innallaha azizun hakim

28Ma halqukum wa la basukum illa kanafsiwwahidah innallaha samiun basir

29Alam tara annallaha yulijul laila fin nahari wa yulijun nahara fil laili wa sak karas samsa wal qamar kulluyyajri ila ajalim musam maw wa annallaha bima tamaluna habir


5. Certainly there are more not seven oceans in the world. Yusuf Ali justifying this false revelation give the commentary that if the oceans were multiplied seven times, obviously overlooking the raw and literal meaning of the passage.

[Commentary continues below.]

30That is because Allah is the reality, and because whatever else they invoke besides Him is falsehood; and because Allah, He is the most high, most great.

31Do you not see that the ships sail through the ocean by the grace of Allah? That He may show you of His signs? Verily, in this are signs for all who constantly persevere and give thanks.

32And when a wave covers them like the canopy of clouds, they call to Allah, offering Him sincere devotion. But when He has delivered them safely to land, there are among them those that halt between right and wrong. But none reject Our signs except only a perfidious ungrateful!

30Zalika biannallaha huwal haqqu wa anna ma yaduna min dunihil batilu wa annallaha huwal aliyul kabir

31Alam tara annal fulka tajri fil bahri binimatillahi liyuriyakum min ayatih inna fi zalika la ayatil likulli sabbarin sakur

32Wa iza gasiyahum maujun kaz zulali daawul laha muhlisina lahud din falam ma najjahum ilal barri faminhum muqtasid wa ma yajhadu bi ayatina illa kullu hatarin kafur

[Commentary continues below.]

33O mankind! do your duty to your Lord and fear a day when no father can avail aught for his son, nor a son avail aught for his father. Verily, the promise of Allah is true: let not then this present life deceive you, nor let the chief deceiver deceive you about Allah.6

34Verily, the knowledge of the hour is with Allah. It is He who sends down rain, and He who knows what is in the wombs. Nor does anyone know what it is that he will earn on the morrow: nor does anyone know in what land he is to die. Verily, with Allah is full knowledge and He is acquainted with all things.

33Ya ayyuhan nasut taqu rabbakum wahsau yaumal la yajzi walidun awwaladihiwa la mauludun huwa jazin awwalidihi sai a inna wadallahi haqqun fala tagur ranakumul hayatud dunya wa la yagur ran nakum billahilgarur

34Innallaha indahu ilmus sa ati wa yunaz zilul gais wa yalamu ma fil arham wa ma tadri nafsum maza taksibu gada wa ma tadri nafsun bi ayyi ardin tamut innallaha alimun habir


6. The Chief Deceiver is Satan.

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