Sura 45
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Crouching (Al-Jâthiya)

In the name of Allah, Gracious, Merciful.

1H. M.

2The revelation of the book is from Allah, the exalted in power, full of wisdom.

3Verily, in the heavens and the earth are signs for those who believe.

4And in the creation of yourselves and the fact that animals are scattered through the earth are signs for those of assured faith.

5And in the alternation of night and day, and the fact that Allah sends down sustenance from the sky, and revives therewith the earth after its death, and the change of the winds are signs for those that are wise.

Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim

1Ha mim

2Tan zilul kitabi minal lahil azizil hakim

3Inna fi samawati walardi la ayatil lilmuminin

4Wa fi khalqikum wa ma yabuts sumin da batin ayatul liqaumi yuqinun

5Wakhtilafil laili wa nahari wa ma anzalal lahu mina samai mi rizqin fa ahya bihil arda bada mautiha wa tasrifir riyahi ayatul liqaumi yaqilun

[Commentary continues below.]

6Such are the signs of Allah which We rehearse to you in truth: then in what exposition will they believe after rejecting Allah and His signs?1

7Woe to each sinful dealer in falsehoods:2

8He hears the signs of Allah rehearsed to him, yet is obstinate and lofty as if he had not heard them: then announce to him a penalty grievous!

9And when he learns something of Our signs he takes them in jest: for such there will be a humiliating penalty.

10In front of them is hell: and of no profit to them is anything they may have earned nor any protectors they may have taken to themselves besides Allah: for them is a tremendous penalty.

11This is guidance: and for those who reject the signs of their Lord is a grievous penalty of abomination.

6Tilka ayatul lahi natluha alaika bil haqqi fabi ayyi hadisim badal lahi wa ayatihi yuminun

7Wailul likul i affakin asim

8Yasmau ayatil lahi tutla alaihi summa yusi ru mustakbiran ka al lam yasmaha fabas sirhu biazabin alim

9Wa iza alima min ayatina saianit takazaha huzuwa ula ika lahum azabum muhin

10Mi wara ihim jahan nam wa la yugni anhum ma kasabu sai awwa la ma takazu min dunil lahi auliya wa lahum azabun azim

11Haza huda wal lazina kafaru bi ayati rabbihim lahum azabum mi rijzin alim

1. The Qur’an was revealed from a source other than Allah, and this verse makes it plain. The “We” are those who rehearsed the Signs of Allah to Muhammad. Muslims claim that the Qur’an came from Allah. This verse says otherwise.

2. Amen to that. God Almighty will deal with imposters and false gods will be destroyed when Christ returns for the Judgement Day. Sahih Al-Bukhar’si Hadith 4.657 narrated by Abu Huraira; Allah’s Apostle said, “By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, surely (Jesus,) the son of Mary will soon descend amongst you and will judge mankind justly (as a Just Ruler); he will break the Cross and kill the pigs and there will be no Jizya (i.e. taxation taken from non-Muslims).

12It is Allah who has subjected the sea to you that ships may sail through it by His command, that you may seek of His bounty, and that you may be grateful.

13And He has subjected to you as from Him all that is in the heavens and on earth: behold in that are signs indeed for those who reflect.

14Tell those who believe to forgive those who do not look forward to the days of Allah: it is for Him to recompense each people according to what they have earned.

15If anyone does a righteous deed it is to his own benefit; if he does evil it works against him. In the end you will all be brought back to your Lord.

12Allahul lazi sa kara lakumul bahra litajriyal fulku fihi bi amrihi wa litabtagu min fadlihi wa la al lakum taskurun

13Wa sa kara lakum ma fi samawati wa ma filardi jamiam min inna fi zalika la ayatil liaqumiy yatafak karun

14Qul lil lazina amanu yagfiru lil lazina la yarjuna ayyamal lahi liyajziya qaumam bima kanu yaksibun

15Man amila salihan falinafsih wa man asa a faalaiha summa ila rabbikum turjaun

[Commentary continues below.]

16We did before grant to the Children of Israel the book, the power of command, and prophethood; We gave them for sustenance things good and pure; and We favored them above the nations.3

17And We granted them clear signs in affairs of religion: it was only after knowledge had been granted to them that they fell into schisms through insolent envy among themselves. Verily, your Lord will judge between them on the day of judgment as to those matters in which they set up differences.

18Then We put you on the way of religion: so follow that way and follow not the desires of those who know not.

16Wa laqad ataina bani israilal kitaba wal hukma wan nubuw wata wa razaqnahum mina ta yibati wa fad dalnahum alal alamin

17Wa atainahum ba yinatim minal amr famaktalafu illa mim badi ma ja a humul ilmu bagyan bainahum inna rabbaka yaqdi bainahum yaumal qiyamati fima kanu fihi yakhtalifun

18Summa jaalnaka ala sari atim minal amri fa tabiha wa la ta tabiahwa al lazina la yalamun

3. Yusuf Ali, the Apologist fills in the missing piece to make all this verse make sense, religiously speaking. He comments thus: Israel had the Revelation given through Moses, the power of judgment and command through the Kingdom of David and Solomon, and numerous prophetic warnings through such men as Isaiah and Jeremiah.”

The Book is more than the Torah which is attributed to Moses, at best it is referred as the “TANAKA” The Torah, Nabiyim (Prophets) and Ketubiim (The Writings). As far as the power to Command as commented by Yusuf Ali, it is pure wishful thinking in good faith, but he is sincerely wrong.

19They will be of no use to you in the sight of Allah: it is only wrongdoers that stand as protectors one to another: but Allah is the protector of the righteous.

20These are clear evidences to men and a guidance and mercy to those of assured faith.

21What! do those who seek after evil ways think that We shall hold them equal with those who believe and do righteous deeds, that equal will be their life and their death? Ill is the judgment that they make.

22Allah created the heavens and the earth for just ends and in order that each soul may find the recompense of what it has earned and none of them be wronged.4

19Innahum la yugnu anka minallahi sai a wa inna zalimina baduhum auliya u badiw wal lahu wali yul mu taqin.

20Haza basa iru lin nasi wa huda wa rahmatul liqaumi yuqinun

21Am hasibal lazinaj tarahus sa yi ati an naj alahum kal lazina amanu wa amilu salihati sawa am mahyahum wa mamatuhum sa a ma yahkumun

22Wa khalaqal lahu samawati walarda bil haqqi wa litujza kullu nafsin bima kasabat wa hum la yuzlamun

4. This passage suggests that the heavens and the earth were created after man had been created for his benefit. On the contrary, the heavens and the earth were created before man. In fact man was God Almighty’s last creation into a perfect world until the serpent deceived the woman and brought chaos into God’s perfect order. In the Bible and in Genesis, the fall of man is recorded in chapter three and God Almighty drove them from the garden of Eden.

23Do you then see such a one as takes as his god, his own vain desire? Allah has knowing left him astray and sealed His hearing and his heart and put a cover on his sight. Who then will guide him after Allah has withdrawn guidance? Will you not then receive admonition?5

24And they say: “What is there but our life in this world? We shall die and we live and nothing but time can destroy us.” But of that they have no knowledge: they merely conjecture:

25And when Our clear signs are rehearsed to them, their argument is nothing but this: they say “Bring our forefathers back if what you say is true!”

26Say: “It is Allah who gives you life then gives you death; then He will gather you together for the day of judgment about which there is no doubt”: but most men do not understand.

23Afara aita manit takaza ilahahu hawahu wa adallahul lahu ala ilmi wa khatama ala samiihi wa qalbihi wa jaala ala basarihi gisawah fama yahdihi min nadil lah afala taza karun

24Wa qalu ma hiya illa hayatunad dunya namutu wa nahya wa ma yuhlikuna il laddah wa ma lahum bizalika min ilmin in hum illa yahzun nun

25Wa iza tutla alaihim ayatuna ba yinatim ma kana hujatahum illa an qalu tu bi aba inna inkuntum sadiqin

26Qulil lahu yuhyikum summa yumitukum summa yajmaukum ila yaumil qiyamatil la raiba fihi wa lakin na aksaran nasi la yalamun

5. If this is the case, then no one would be saved, in the sense that, before anyone accepts the teachings of faith, they would have been exposed to the things of this world in order to fully understand their decision. Most every religion talks about the age of accountability. Some say it is 12 years, others 16, and yet others 18 or 20. Teenagers of all backgrounds experience a sort of rebellion in finding their own identity. According to this passage, because they choose to follow their own vain desires, they can not be reached by Allah and no one else can guide them to salvation. How unfortunate that would be, because no one was born believing in and submitting to God Almighty, it has to be taught to them before faith can be effectual.

27To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and the day that the hour of judgment is established, that day will the dealers in falsehood perish!

28And you will see every sect bowing the knee: every sect will be called to its record: “This day shall you be recompensed for all that you did!

29“This Our record speaks about you with truth: for We were known to put on record all that you did.”

30Then as to those who believed and did righteous deeds their Lord will admit them to His mercy: that will be the achievement for all to see.

31But as to those who reject Allah: “Were not Our signs rehearsed to you? But you were arrogant and were a people given to sin!

27Wa lil lahi mulku samawati walardi wa yauma taqumu saatu yaumaizi yakhsarul mubtilun

28Wa tara kulla um matin jatsiyah kullu um matin tuda ila kitabiha alyauma tujzauna ma kuntum tamalun

29Haza kitabuna yantiqu alaikum bil haq inna kunna nastansiku ma kuntum tamalun

30Fa ammal lazina amanu wa amilu salihati fayudkiluhum rabbuhum fi rahmatih zalika huwal fauzul mubin

31Wa ammal lazina kafaru afalam takun ayati tutla alaikum fastak bartum wa kuntum qaumam mujrimin

[Commentary continues below.]

32“And when it was said that the promise of Allah was true, and that the hour there was no doubt about its coming, you used to say `We know not what is the hour: we only think it is an idea and we have no firm assurance.’"6

33Then will appear to them the evil (fruits) of what they did and they will be completely encircled by that which they used to mock at!

34It will also be said: “This day We will forget you as you forgot the meeting of this day of yours! And your abode is the fire and no helpers have you!

35“This is because you used to take the signs of Allah in jest and the life of the world deceived you.” From the day therefore they shall not be taken out thence nor shall they be received into grace.

32Wa iza qila inna wadal lahi haquw wa saatu la raiba fiha qultum ma nadri ma saatu innazun nu illa zan na wa ma nahnu bimustaiqinin

33Wa bada lahum sa yi atu ma amilu wa haqa bihim ma kanu bihi yastahzi un

34Wa qilal yauma nansakum kama nasitum liqa a yaumikun haza wa mawakumun naru wa ma lakum min nasirin

35Zalikum bi annakumu takhaztum ayatil lahi huzuwa wa ga ratkumul hayatud dunya fal yauma la yukhrajuna minha wa la hum yustatabun

6. The Bible in 2 Peter 3:2-5 says that:

To recall the words spoken in the past by the holy prophets and the commandment of our Lord and Savior spoken through your apostles. First of all you must understand this: In the last days mockers will come and, following their own desires, will ridicule us by saying, "What happened to his promise to return? Ever since our ancestors died, everything continues as it did from the beginning of creation." But they deliberately ignore the fact that long ago the heavens existed and the earth was formed by God's word out of water and with water...

The saying of the scoffers is nothing new, but the Word of God Almighty, stands sure for this reason anyone who calls on the name of the Lord must be exemplary in their dealings giving glory to God Almighty in all they do.

36Then praise be to Allah, Lord of the heavens and Lord of the earth, Lord of all the worlds!

37And to Him be glory throughout the heavens and the earth: and He is exalted in power, full of wisdom!

36Falil lahil hamdu rabbi samawati wa rabbil ardi rabbil alamin

37Wa lahul kibriya u fi samawati wal ardi wahuwal azizul hakim

 

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