Sura 51
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Winnowing Winds (Az-Zâriyât)

In the name of Allah, Gracious, Merciful.

1By the winds that scatter broadcast;

2And those that lift and bear away heavy weights;

3And those that flow with ease and gentleness;

4And those that distribute and apportion by command

5Verily, that which you are promised is true;

6And verily, judgment and justice must indeed come to pass.

7By the sky with its numerous paths1

8Truly you are in a doctrine discordant.

9Through which are deluded, such as would be deluded.

10Woe to the falsehood mongers.

11Those who flounder heedless in a flood of confusion:

12They ask “when will be the day of judgment and justice?”

13A day when they will be tried over the fire!

Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim

1Wazariyati zarwan

2Falhamilati wiqran

3Faljariyati yusran

4Falmuqasimati amran

5Innama tuaduna lasadiq

6Wa inna dina lawaqi

7Wa samai zatil hubuk

8Innakum lafi qaulim mukhtalif

9Yufaku anhu man ufik

10Qutilal karasun

11Allazina hum fi gamratin sahun

12Yas aluna ayyana yaumud din

13Yauma hum alan nari yuftanun

1. The numerous paths in the sky or heaven are understood to be the orbits of the various planets according to both Muhammad Ali and Yusuf Ali. Although Muhammad Ali claims that this truth was not known to the world 1,300 years ago.

[Commentary continues below.]

14“Taste your trial! this is what you used to ask to be hastened!”

15As to the righteous, they will be in the midst of gardens and springs.

16Taking joy in the things which their Lord gives them because, before then they lived a good life.

17They were in the habit of sleeping but little by night.

18And in the hours of early dawn, They were found praying for forgiveness;

19And in their wealth and possessions was remembered the right of the needy, him who asked and him who for some reason was prevented from asking.

20On the earth are signs for those of assured faith.

21As also in your own selves: will you not then see?

22And in heaven is your sustenance as also that which you are promised.

14Zuqu fitnatakum hazal lazi kuntum bihi tastajilun

15Innal mutaqina fi jannati wa uyun

16Akhizina ma atahum rabbuhum innahum kanu qabla zalika muhsinin

17Kanu qalilam minal laili ma yahjaun

18Wa bil asharihum yastagfirun

19Wa fi amwalihim haqqul lisa ili wal mahrum

20Wa filardi ayatul lil muqinin

21Wa fi anfusikum afala tubsirun

22Wa fi samai rizqukum wa ma tu adun

[Commentary continues below.]

23Then by the Lord of heaven and earth this is the very truth as much as the fact that you can speak intelligently to each other.

24Has the story reached you of the honored guests of Abraham?

25Behold they entered His presence and said: “Peace!” He said “Peace!” and thought “these seem unusual people.”

26Then he turned quickly to his household, brought out a fatted calf.

27And placed it before them. He said “Will you not eat?”

28He conceived a fear of them. They said “Fear not” and they gave him glad tidings of a son endowed with knowledge.

29But his wife came forward laughing aloud: she smote her forehead and said: “a barren old woman!”

23Fawarab bi sama I wal ardi innahu lahaq qum mitsla ma annakum tantiqun

24Hal ataka hadisi daifi Ibrahimal mukramin

25Iz dakalu alaihi faqalu salama qala salamun qaumum munkarun

26Faraga ila ahlihi faja a biijlin samin

27Faqar rabahu ilaihim qala ala takulun

28Fa aujasa minhum khifah qalu la takhaf wa basaruhu bigulamin alim

29Fa aqbalatim ra atuhu fi saratin fasak kat wajaha wa qalat ajuzun aqim

[Commentary continues below.]

30They said “Even so has your Lord spoken: and He is full of wisdom and knowledge.”2

31He said: “And what, O messengers, is your errand?”

32They said “We have been sent to a people in sin.

33“To bring on them a shower of stones of clay.

34“Marked as from your Lord for those who trespass beyond bounds.”

35Then We evacuated those of the believers who were there.

36But We found not there any just persons except in one house:3

37And We left there a sign for such as fear the grievous penalty.

38And in Moses was another sign: Behold We sent him to Pharaoh with authority manifest.

30Qalu kazalika qala rabbuk innahu huwal hakimul alim

31Qala fama katbukum ayyuhal mursalun

32Qalu inna ursilna ila qaumim mujrimin

33Linursila alaihim hijaratam mintin

34Musaw wamatan inda rabbika lilmusrifin

35Fa akhrajna man kana fiha minal muminin

36Fama wajadna fiha gaira baitim minal muslimin

37Wa tarakna fiha ayatal lillazina yakafunal azabal alim

38Wa fi Musa iz arsalnahu ila Firauna bisultanim mubin

2. Please for notes on V.24- 35, refer to Qur’an And the end of Qur’an for more on the subject of the visitors.

3. Muslim in this context means one who is righteous. As adherents of religion Muslims as we know them today did not come into till 610 when Muhammad had an encounter with the spirit/angel.

39But he turned back with his chiefs and said “A sorcerer or one possessed!”

40So We took him and his forces and threw them into the sea: and his was the blame.4

41And in the Ad was another sign, behold, We sent against them the devastating wind:

42It left nothing whatever that it came up against but reduced it to ruin and rottenness.

43And in the Thamud was another sign: Behold they were told “Enjoy your brief day for a little while!”5

44But they insolently defied the command of their Lord: so the stunning noise seized them even while they were looking on.

45Then they could not even stand on their feet nor could they help themselves.

46So were the people of Noah before them: for they wickedly transgressed.

39Fatawal la biruknihi wa qala sahirun au majnun

40Fa ahaznahu wa junudahu fanabaznahum fil yam mi wa huwa mulim

41Wafi adin iz arsalna alaihimur rihal aqim

42Ma tazaru min syaiin atat alaihi illa jaalat hu kar ramim

43Wa fi Samuda iz qila lahum tama tau hata hin

44Faatau an amri rabbihim fa akha zathumush shaiqatu wa hum yan zhurun

45Famas tathau min qiyami wa ma kanu muntashirin

46Wa qauma Nuhum min qaht innahum kanu qauman tasiqun

4. The story of Moses is told in Qur’an 20, please refer to the end of the chapter for notes about the ministry of Moses.

 

5. For more on Ad and Thamud please see the Glossary.

[Commentary continues below.]

47With the power and skill did We construct the firmament: for it is We who create the vastness of space.

48And We have spread out the spacious earth: how excellently We do spread out!

49And of everything We have created pairs: that you may receive instruction.

50Hasten you then at once to Allah: I am from Him a warner to you clear and open!

51And make not another an object of worship with Allah, I am from Him a warner to you, clear and open!

52Similarly no apostle came to the peoples before them, but they said of him in like manner “A sorcerer or one possessed”!

53Is this the legacy they have transmitted one to another? No, they are themselves a people transgressing beyond bounds!

54So turn away from them: not thine is the blame.

47Wa sama a banainaha bi aidi wa inna lamusiun

48Wal ardha farasynaha fanimal mahi dun

49Wamin kulli syaiin khataqna zau jaini la allakum tazak karun

50Fafir ru ilallah innu lakum minhu nadzurum muhun

51Wa la tajalun maal lahi ilahan akhai innu lakum minhu nazurum mubun

52Kazalika ma atallazina min qabli him mirasulin illa qalu sahirun au majnun

53Atwasau bihi bal hum qaumun taghun

54Fatawal la anhum fama anta bimalum

[Commentary continues below.]

55And teach your message: for teaching benefits the believers.

56And I have only created jinns and men that they may serve Me.6

57No sustenance do I require of them nor do I require that they should feed Me.

58For Allah is He who gives all sustenance, Lord of power, steadfast for ever.

59For the wrongdoers their portion is like unto the portion of their fellows of earlier generations: then let them not ask Me to hasten that portion!

60Woe then to the unbelievers on account of that day of theirs which they have been promised!

55Wa zakir fa innazikra tanfaul muminin

56Wa ma halaqtul jinna wal insa illa liyabudun

57Ma uridu minhum mirizqi wa ma uridu ayyutimun

58Innal laha huwa razaqu zul quwatil matin

59Fa innal lillazina zalamu zanubam mitsla zanubi ashabihim fala yastajilun

60Fawailul lil lazina kafaru mi yaumihimul lazi yuadun

6. Islam teaches that man is the slave of Allah, for this reason Muslims cannot accept the concept of man being the child of God Almighty under any circumstance. It is for this same reason that believing in Jesus as the Son of God Almighty is tantamount to blasphemy. But though God created us and consequently we are His creation, yet those who believe in Christ are elevated a step above the unbelievers, they become the Children of God Almighty by adoption not by birth.

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