Sura 52
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The Mount (At-Tûr)

In the name of Allah, Gracious, Merciful.

1By the mount of revelation;1

2And by a decree inscribed

3In a scroll unfolded;

4And by the much frequented house;

5And by the canopy raised high;

6And by the ocean filled with swell

7Verily, the doom of your Lord will indeed come to pass.

8There is none to avert it,

9On the day when the firmament will be in dreadful commotion.

10And the mountain will fly hither and thither.

11Then woe that day to those that treat truth as falsehood

12That play and paddle in shallow trifles.

13That day shall they be thrust down to the fire of hell irresistibly.

Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim


2Wa kitabim masur

3Firaqqim mansur

4Wal baitil ma mur

5Wa saqfil marfu

6Wal bahril masjur

7Inna azaba rabbika lawaqi

8Ma lahu min dafi

9Yauma tamurus samau maura

10Wa tasirul jibalu saira

11Fawailu yauma izil lilmuka zibun

12Allazina hum fi haudi yalabun

13Yauma yudauna ila nari jahannama da a

1. As if Allah had not exerted enough command over the people yet. Now he goes on a swearing rampage to make his case. He swears by Mt. Sinai, where Moses received the decalogue and other laws. Yusuf Ali makes mentions of three mountains, Sinai for Moses, Olives for Jesus and Hira for Muhammad. If Allah was not able to convince the people, how would his swearing fare. To me, it bespeaks of a desperate man who want to be believed. After swearing by the mountain, the book, the house, the heaven and the ocean, he a hits home run in verse 7. The Doomsday will indeed come to pass.

The Bible says that man’s words should be simple yes or no. And that we should not swear by anything else. When one swears, it is normally by one that is greater and never the lesser. Since Allah swears by creation, does that indicate that after all Allah is not the greatest?

14“This,” it will be said, “is the fire which you were known to deny!

15“Is this then a fake or is it you that do not see?

16“Burn you therein: the same is it to you whether you bear it with patience or not: You but receive the recompense of your own deeds.”

17As to the righteous, they will be in gardens and in happiness

18Enjoying the bliss which their Lord has bestowed on them, and their Lord shall deliver them from the penalty of the fire.

19“Eat and drink with profit and health because of your deeds.”

20They will recline with ease on thrones arranged in ranks; and We shall join them to companions with beautiful big and lustrous eyes.

14Hazihin narul lati kuntum biha tuka zibun

15Afasihrun naza am antum la tubsirun

16Islauha fasbiru au la tasbiru sawaun alaikum innama tujzauna ma kuntum tamalun

17Innal mutaqina fi jannati wa naim

18Fakihina bima atahum rabbuhum wa waqahum rabbuhum azabal jahim

19Kulu wasrabu hanian bima kuntum tamalun

20Mutakina ala sururim masfufah wa zaw wajnahum bihurinin


[Commentary continues below.]

21And those who believe and whose families follow them in faith to them shall We join their families: nor shall We deprive them of aught of their works: Yet is each individual in pledge for his deeds.

22And We shall bestow on them of fruit and meat anything they shall desire.

23They shall there exchange one with another a cup free of frivolity, free of all taint of ill.

24Round about them will serve devoted to them youths handsome as pearls well guarded.

25They will advance to each other engaging in mutual enquiry.

26They will say: “Before, We were not without fear for the sake of our people.

27“But Allah has been good to us and has delivered us from the penalty of the scorching wind.

21Wallazina amanu watabaat humzur riyatuhum bi imanin alhaqna bihim zur riyatahum wa ma alatnahum min amalihim min sai ikulum riin bima kasaba rahin

22Wa amdadnahum bifakihati wa lah mimmim ma yastahun

23Yatanazauna fiha kasal lalagwun fiha wa la tasim

24Wa yatufu alihim gilmanul lahum ka an nahum lulum maknun

25Wa aqbala baduhum ala badiy yatasa alun

26Qalu inna kunna qablu fi ahlina musyfiqin

27Faman nal lahu alaina wa waqana azabas samum


[Commentary continues below.]

28“Truly, we did call unto Him from of old: truly it is He, the beneficent, the merciful”

29Therefore proclaim the praises of your Lord: For by the grace of your Lord you are no vulgar soothsayer nor are you one possessed.2

30Or do they say “A poet! we await for him some calamity hatched by time!”

31Say: “Await you! I too will wait along with you!”

32Is it that their faculties of understanding urge them to this or are they but a people transgressing beyond bounds?

33Or do they say “He fabricated the message”? No, they have no faith!3

34Let them then produce a recital like unto it if they speak the truth!

35Were they created of nothing or were they themselves the creators?

28Inna kunna min qablu naduh innahu huwal barurahim

29Fazakir fama anta binimati rabbika bikahini wa la majnun

30Am yaquluna sairun natarab basu bihi raibal manun

31Qul tarab basu fa inni maakum minal mutarab bisin

32Am tamuruhum ahlamuhum bihaza amhum qaumun taghun

33Am yaquluna tawaq walahu bal la yuminun

34Falyatu bihadisim mitslihi inkanu sadiqin

35Am huliqu min gairi saiin amhumul haliqun


2. The messenger of a god who swears by the creation of God Almighty, and still want people to believe that he is speaking about the God of the world is definitely a vulgar soothsayer and one possessed by other spirits,, Who spoke to Muhammad, was the angel Gabriel or the Holy Spirit who appeared to Muhammad? You be the judge.

36Or did they create the heavens and the earth? No, they have no firm belief.

37Or are the treasures of your Lord with them or are they the managers of affairs?

38Or have they a ladder by which they can climb up to heaven and listen to its secrets? Then let listener of theirs produce a manifest proof.

39Or has He only daughters and you have sons?

40Or is it that you do ask for a reward so that they are burdened with a load of debt?

41Or that the unseen is in their hands and they write it down?

42Or do they intend a plot against you? But those who defy Allah are themselves involved in a plot!

43Or have they a god other than Allah? Exalted is Allah far above the things they associate with Him!

36Am halaqus samawati walarda bal la yuqinun

37Am indahum kaza inu rabbika amhumul mushaitirun

38Am lahum sul lamu yastamiuna fihi falyati mustamiuhum bisultanim mubin

39Am lahul banatu wa lakumul banun

40Am tasaluhum ajran fahum mim magramim mutsqalun

41Am indahumul gaibu fahum yaktubun

42Am yuriduna kaida fallazina kafaru humul makidun

43Am lahum ilahun gairul lah subhanal lahi amma yusrikun

44Were they to see a piece of the sky falling on them they would only say: “clouds gathered in heaps!”

45So leave them alone until they encounter that day of theirs wherein they shall swoon

46The day when their plotting will avail them nothing and no help shall be given them.

47And verily, for those who do wrong there is another punishment besides this: but most of them understand not.

48Now await in patience the command of your Lord: for verily, you are in our eyes: and celebrate the praises of your Lord, while you stand forth.

49And for part of the night also praise Him and at the retreat of the stars!

44Wa iyyarau kisfam mina samai saqita yaqulu sahabum markum

45Fazarhum hata yulaqu yauma humul lazi fihi yusaqun

46Yauma la yughni anhum kaiduhum sai aw wa lahum yunsarun

47Wa inna lillazina zalamu azaban duna zalika wa lakin na aksarahum la yalamun

48Wasbir lihukmi rabbika fa innaka bi ayunina wa sabbih bihamdi rabbika hina taqum

49Wa minal laili fasabihu wa idbaran nujum


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