Sura 54
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The Moon (Al-Qamar)

In the name of Allah, Gracious, Merciful.

1The hour is nigh and the moon is cleft asunder.

2And if they see a sign, they turn away and say, “This is transient magic.”

3They reject the warning and follow their own lusts but every matter has its appointed time.

4There have already come to them recitals wherein there is enough to check them.

5Mature wisdom but the preaching of warners, profits them not.

6Therefore turn away from them. The day that the caller will call them to a terrible affair.

7They will come forth, their eyes humbled from their graves like locusts scattered abroad.

Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim

1Iqtarabati saatu wansyaq qal qamar

2Wa iyarau ayata yuridu wa yaqulu sihrum mustamir

3Wa ka zabu wa tabau ahwa ahum wa kullu amrim mustaqir

4Wa laqad ja ahuminal anbai ma fihi muzajar

5Hikmatun baligatun fama tugnin nuzur

6Fatawal la anhum yauma yadud dai ila syaiin nukur

7Kusyaan absaruhum yakrujuna minal ajdasi ka annahum jaradum muntasir


[Commentary continues below.]

8Hastening with eyes transfixed towards the caller! “Hard is this day!” the unbelievers will say.

9Before them the people of Noah rejected their apostle: they rejected Our servant and said “Here is one possessed!” and he was driven out.1

10Then he called on his Lord: “I am one overcome: do then help me!”

11So We opened the gates of heaven with water pouring forth.

12And We caused the earth to gush forth with springs so the waters met to the extent decreed.

13And We bore him on an Ark made of broad planks and caulked with palm fibre:2

14She floats under Our eyes: a recompense to one who had been rejected!

15And We have left this as a sign: then is there any that will receive admonition?

16But how was My penalty and My warning?

8Muhtiina ilada yaqulul kafiruna haza yaumun qasir

9Kazabat qablahum qaumu Nuhin fakazabu abdana wa qalu majnunuw waz dujir

10Fadaa rabbahu ani maglubun fantasir

11Fafatahna abwaba samai bima im munhamir

12Wa fajarnal arda uyunan faltaqal mau ala amrin qad qudir

13Wa hamalnahu ala zati alwahi wa dusur

14Tajri bi ayunina jaza alliman kana kufir

15Wa laqad taraknaha ayatan fahal mim mudakir

16Fakaifa kana azabi wa nuzur


1. The Bible story of Noah does not have any record of him being driven out, the Qur’an has added that to give drama to the story, as if it lacked such.

2. For the story of Noah’s Ark, the Bible describes how it was built, the length, breadth, height and the components of the Ark. The Qur’an has assumed that its readers would understand what it is talking about so it does not go into any detail of it. Genesis 6:13-22 gives the details:

And God said to Noah, "I have determined to make an end of all flesh, for the earth is filled with violence through them. Behold, I will destroy them with the earth. Make yourself an ark of gopher wood. Make rooms in the ark, and cover it inside and out with pitch. This is how you are to make it: the length of the ark 300 cubits, its breadth 50 cubits, and its height 30 cubits. Make a roof for the ark, and finish it to a cubit above, and set the door of the ark in its side. Make it with lower, second, and third decks. For behold, I will bring a flood of waters upon the earth to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life under heaven. Everything that is on the earth shall die.

"But I will establish my covenant with you, and you shall come into the ark, you, your sons, your wife, and your sons' wives with you. And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every sort into the ark to keep them alive with you. They shall be male and female. Of the birds according to their kinds, and of the animals according to their kinds, of every creeping thing of the ground, according to its kind, two of every sort shall come in to you to keep them alive. Also take with you every sort of food that is eaten, and store it up. It shall serve as food for you and for them."

Noah did this; he did all that God commanded him.

17And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember: then is there any that will receive admonition?

18The Ad rejected truth: then how terrible was my penalty and my warning!

19For We sent against them a furious wind on a day of violent disaster

20Plucking out men as if they were roots of palm trees torn up.

21Yea, how terrible was my penalty and my warning!

22But We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember: then is there any that will receive admonition?

23The Thamud rejected their warners.

24For they said: “What! A man! a solitary one from among ourselves! shall we follow such a one? Truly should we then be straying in mind and mad!

25“Is it that the message is sent to him of all people amongst us? No, he is a liar, an insolent one!”

17Wa laqad yas sarnal qurana lizikri fahal mim mudakir

18Kazabat adun fakaifa kana azabi wa nuzur

19Inna arsalna alaihim rihan sarsaran fi yaumi nafsim mustamir

20Tanziun nasa ka annahum ajazu naklim munqair

21Fakaifa kana azabi wa nuzur

22Wa laqad yasarnal qurana lizikri fahal mim mudakir

23Kazabat Samudu bin nuzur

24Faqalu abasyaram minna wahidan natabiuhu inna azal lafi dalaliw wa suur

25A ulqiyazikru alaihim inbainina bal huwa kazabun asyir

[Commentary continues below.]

26Ah! they will know on the morrow which is the liar, the insolent one!

27For We will send the she camel by way of trial for them. So watch them and possess yourself in patience!3

28And tell them that the water is to be divided between them: each one’s right to drink being brought forward.

29But they called to their companion and he took a sword in hand and hamstrung her.

30Ah! how was My penalty and My warning!

31For We sent against them a single mighty blast and they became like the dry stubble used by one who pens cattle.

32And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember: then is there any that will receive admonition?

33The people of Lut rejected his warning.

26Sayalamuna gadam manil kazabul asyir

27Inna mursilun naqati fitnatal lahum far taqibum was tabir

28Wa nabbihum annal maa qismatun bainahum kullu sirbim muhtadar

29Fanadau sahibahum fataata faaqar

30Fakaifa kana azabi wa nuzur

31Inna arsalna alaihim saihata wahidatan fakanu kahasimil muhtazir

32Wa laqad yasarnal qurana lizikri fahal mimudakir

33Kazabat qaumu Lutin binuzur

3. The she camel according to Sale was a very extraordinary one which frightened all the other cattle from their pasture. That was the trial for the people.

[Commentary continues below.]

34We sent against them a violent tornado with showers of stones except Lut’s household: We delivered them by early dawn

35As a grace from Us: Thus do We reward those who give thanks.

36And he did warn them of Our punishment but they disputed about the warning.

37And they even sought to snatch away his guests from him but We blinded their eyes. “Now taste My wrath and My warning.”

38Early on the morrow an abiding punishment seized them:

39“So taste My wrath and My warning.”

40And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember: then is there any that will receive admonition?

41To the people of Pharaoh too came warners from Allah.

34Inna arsalna alaihim hasiban illa ala Lut najainahum bisahar

35Nimatam minindina kazalika najzi man sakar

36Wa laqad anzarahum batsatana fatamarau binuzur

37Wa laqad rawaduhu andaifihi fatamasna ayunahum fazuqu azabi wa nuzur

38Wa laqad sabahahum bukratan azabum mustaqir

39Fazuqu azabi wa nuzur

40Wa laqad yasarnal qurana lizikri fahal mimudakir

41Wa laqad jaa ala Firaunan nuzur

42The people rejected all Our signs; but We seized them with such penalty from one exalted in power able to carry out His will.

43Are your unbelievers better than they? or have you an immunity in the sacred books?

44Or do they say: “We acting together can defend ourselves”?

45Soon will their multitude be put to flight and they will show their backs.

46No, the hour is the time promised them: And that hour will be most grievous and most bitter.

47Truly those in sin are the ones straying in mind and mad.

48The day they will be dragged through the fire on their faces, they will hear “Taste the touch of hell!”

49Verily, all things have We created in proportion and measure.

50And Our command is but a single act like the twinkling of an eye.

42Kazabu bi ayatina kulliha fa akhaznahum akza azizim muqtadir

43Akufarukum kairum min ulaikum am lakum bara atun fizubur

44Am yaquluna nahnu jamium mun tasir

45Sayuhzamul jamu wa yuwa lunadubur

46Balisaatu mauiduhum was saatu adha wa amar

47Innal mujrimina fi dalali wasuur

48Yauma yus habuna finnari ala wujuhihim zuqu mas sa saqar

49Inna kulla saiin halaqnahu biqadar

50Wa ma amruna illa wahidatun kalamhin bil basar

51And in the past have We destroyed gangs like unto you: Then is there any that will receive admonition?

52And all that they do is noted in books:

53And every matter small and great is on record.

54As to the righteous they will be in the midst of gardens and rivers.

55In an assembly of truth in the presence of a sovereign omnipotent.

51Wa laqad ahlakna asyaakum fahal mimuddakir

52Wa kullu saiin faaluhu fiz zubur

53Wa kullu sagiriw wa kabirim mustatar

54Innal mutaqina fi jannati wa nahar

55Fi maqadi sidqin inda malikim muqtadir

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