In the name of Allah, Gracious, Merciful.
1By the sky displaying the stars;
2And by the promised day;
3And by one that witnesses and the subject of the witness.1
4Woe to the makers of the pit.2
5Fire supplied with fuel:
6Behold! they sat over against the fire.
7And they witnessed what they were doing against the believers.
8And they ill treated them for no other reason than that they
believed in Allah, exalted in power, worthy of all praise!
9Him to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth!
and Allah is witness to all things.
Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim
1Wa samai zatil buruji
2Wal yaumul mauud
3Wa syahidi wa masyhud
4Qutila ashabul ukhdud
5An nari zatil waqud
6Izhum alaiha quud
7Wa hum ala ma yafaluna bil muminina syuhud
8Wa ma naqamu minhum ila ayuminu billahi azizil hamid
9Alazi lahu mulku samawati wal asdh wal lahu ala kuli saiin sahid
1. This is yet another chapter which begins by
invoking creation and events before proceeding to announce judgment on the
2. This is not the fire of hell, it has
reference to persecutors who burn others in fire for their faith. In
particular, King Dhu Nowas the Jew of Yemen who persecuted Christians and
for not renouncing their faith, had them put into pits filled with fire
where they were burnt to ashes (George Sale page 576). Jesus had forewarned
His disciples that things of this nature would happen to them because they
happened to Him. Christians are to count it all joy and not retaliate, not
because they are weak, but because of obedience to Christ.
[Commentary continues below.]
10Those who persecute the believers men and women, and do not
turn in repentance will have the penalty of hell: they will have the penalty
of the burning fire.
11For those who believe and do righteous deeds will be gardens
beneath which rivers flow: that is the great salvation.3
12Truly, strong is the grip of your Lord.
13It is He who creates from the very beginning and He can
14And He is the often forgiving, full of loving kindness.
15Lord of the throne of glory.
16Doer of all that He intends.
17Has the story reached you of the forces.
18Of Pharaoh and the Thamud?
19And yet the unbelievers persist in rejecting the truth!
10Inna lazina fatanul muminina wal muminati summa lam yatubu
falahum azabu jahanamma wa lahum azabul hariq
11Inna lazina amanu wa amilu shalihati lahum janatun tajri min
tahtihal anhar zalikal fauzul kabir
12Inna basa rabbika tasadid
13Innahu huwa yubdi u wa yuid
14Wa huwal gafurul wadud
15Zul arsyil majid
16Faalul lima yurid
17Hal ataka hadisul junud
18Firauna wa samud
19Balil lazina kafaru fi takjib
3. Presumably the believers denounced the
pleasures of this world and denied themselves of worldly desires, so for
their reward they would receive the best of everything they denied
[Commentary continues below.]
20But Allah does encompass them from behind!
21No, this is a glorious Qur’an
22In a tablet preserved!4
20Wal lahu miwwaraihim muhit
21Bal huwa quranum majid
22Fi lauhim mahfuz
4. The claim is that the Qur’an is written on
preserved tablets. Really? If that were so, then once again the credibility
of the preserver is called into question. The Qur’an was not inscribed on a
preserved tablet. See note on